Vol.9, No.12, 2021, pp.2291-2301, doi:10.32604/jrm.2021.015973
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
The Arrangement and Size of Cellulose Microfibril Aggregates in the Cell Walls of Sclerenchyma Fibers and Parenchyma Tissue in Bamboo
  • Wenting Ren1,3, Fei Guo2, Minghui Liu1,3, Haocheng Xu1,3, Hankun Wang1,3, Yan Yu1,2,*
1 Institute of New Bamboo and Rattan Based Biomaterials, International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, Beijing, 100102, China
2 College of Material Engineering, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350108, China
3 NFGA and Beijing Co-Built Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science & Technology, National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing, 100102, China
* Corresponding Author: Yan Yu. Email:
Received 28 January 2021; Accepted 20 February 2021; Issue published 22 June 2021
Abstract
Understanding the assembly and spatial arrangement of bamboo cell wall components is crucial for its optimal utilization. Bamboo cell walls consist of aggregates of cellulose microfibrils and matrix. In the present study, the size and arrangement of cellulose microfibril aggregates in the cell walls of sclerenchyma fibers and parenchyma cells in moso bamboo were investigated with NMR and FE-SEM. The NMR measurement showed that the characteristic sizes of the microfibril aggregates of fibers and parenchyma cells were approximately 25.8 nm and 18.8 nm, respectively. Furthermore, high-resolution SEM showed the size of microfibril aggregates varied little across the cell wall of sclerenchyma fiber. However, there were significant size differences between the broad and narrow lamellae both in fiber and parenchyma cells, which is thought to be closely related to the orientation of microfibrils in these layers. The microfibril aggregates in the fibers mainly appear in a random arrangement, although occasionally in a radial or tangential arrangement in individual cell. Parenchyma cells have a relatively thinner cell wall layers, in which microfibril aggregates appear in a concentric lamellar arrangement.
Keywords
Bamboo fiber; parenchyma cell; microfibril aggregate; size; arrangement
Cite This Article
Ren, W., Guo, F., Liu, M., Xu, H., Wang, H. et al. (2021). The Arrangement and Size of Cellulose Microfibril Aggregates in the Cell Walls of Sclerenchyma Fibers and Parenchyma Tissue in Bamboo. Journal of Renewable Materials, 9(12), 2291–2301.
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