Journals / JRM / Vol.9, No.11


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In the article, Bahram Barati and his co-workers from China and Iran have engineered LEPTIN protein in silico by adding disulfide bonds. Then the effect of introducing disulfide bonds were assessed using molecular dynamic simulation study. In addition, to ensure that the mutation did not disturb the binding affinity, molecular docking was done.

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  • REVIEW

    A Review of Seasonal Hydrogen Storage Multi-Energy Systems Based on Temporal and Spatial Characteristics

    Yuchen Cao, Yongwen Yang, Xianglong Zhao, Qifen Li*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1823-1842, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015722
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: New Trends in Sustainable Materials for Energy Conversion, CO2 Capture and Pollution Control)
    Abstract The temporal and spatial characteristics of seasonal hydrogen storage will play a very important role in the coupling of multi-energy systems. This essay believes that there are several key issues worth noting in the seasonal hydrogen storage coupled multi-energy system, namely, hydrogen storage methods, coupling models, and benefit evaluation. Through research, this article innovatively divides seasonal hydrogen storage into two types: space transfer hydrogen storage technology and time transfer physical property conversion hydrogen storage technology. Then sort out the two most typical seasonal hydrogen storage multi-energy system application scenarios and their hydrogen storage unit models. Finally, it is shown that… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Review of Seasonal Hydrogen Storage Multi-Energy Systems Based on Temporal and Spatial Characteristics

  • ARTICLE

    In Silico Disulfide Bond Engineering to Improve Human LEPTIN Stability

    Bahram Barati1, Fatemeh Fazeli Zafar1, Shuanhu Hu1, Najmeh Fani2, Sajjad Eshtiaghi3, Shuang Wang1,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1843-1857, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.016301
    Abstract Enhancing the stability of biomolecules is one of the hot topics in industry. In this study, we enhanced the stability of an important protein called LEPTIN. LEPTIN is a hormone secreted by fat cells playing an essential role in body weight and composition, and its deficiency can result in several disorders. The treatment of related LEPTIN dysfunctions is often available in the form of injection. To decrease the cost and the frequency of its applications can be achieved by increasing its lifetime through engineering LEPTIN. In this study, to engineer LEPTIN, we have introduced disulfide bonds. Disulfide By Design server… More > Graphic Abstract

    <i>In Silico</i> Disulfide Bond Engineering to Improve Human LEPTIN Stability

  • ARTICLE

    Amorphous Polylactide Bead Foam–Effect of Talc and Chain Extension on Foaming Behavior and Compression Properties

    Christian Brütting1, Julia Dreier2, Christian Bonten2, Volker Altstädt1, Holger Ruckdäschel1,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1859-1868, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.016244
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Polylactide Based Biopolymeric Systems)
    Abstract Polylactide (PLA) bead foams show a high potential regarding their applicability in packaging or consumer products. Concerning the comparable properties of PLA to Polystyrene (PS) and the good CO2 footprint it represents a potential alternative to petroleum-based polymer foams. However, foaming of PLA is challenging, due to its low melt strength, therefore chemical modifiers are often used. Concerning the bead foam technology regarding PLA, the available literature is limited so far. Within this study, the bead foaming behavior of neat and modified amorphous PLA was investigated. The material was modified by talc and an epoxy-based chain extender. These compounds have… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Preparation of Porous Materials Derived from Waste Mussel Shell with High Removal Performance for Tableware Oil

    Yi Yang1, Zhaodi Wu1, Lili Ji2, Shiyao Lu2, Hua Jing2, Jiaxing Sun2, Jian Guo1, Wendong Song3, Yaning Wang2, Lu Cai4,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1869-1881, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015952
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable Foam Materials and Composites)
    Abstract In this work, carbonized mussel shell powder (CMSP) was modified by alkyl polyglucosides (APG) and rhamnolipid (RL) to render porous biomass a lipophilic surface, which was innovatively utilized as an environmentally friendly tableware cleaning material. The modified method was two-step hydrotherm-assisted synthesis. A contact angle meter was used to determine the surface hydrophobic property of modified samples (MTAR). The pore and the surface structure of CMSP and MTAR were characterized by BET, SEM, XRD, FTIR and XPS. The effect of removing oil was tested by gravimetric method. The results showed that the surface of MTAR was more porous and fluffier… More > Graphic Abstract

    Preparation of Porous Materials Derived from Waste Mussel Shell with High Removal Performance for Tableware Oil

  • ARTICLE

    Effects of Selected Printing Parameters on the Fire Properties of 3D-Printed Neat Polylactic Acid (PLA) and Wood/PLA Composites

    Nataša Knez1, Mirko Kariž2, Friderik Knez1, Nadir Ayrilmis3,*, Manja Kitek Kuzman2,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1883-1895, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.016128
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Polylactide Based Biopolymeric Systems)
    Abstract The effects of selected printing parameters on the fire properties of additively produced composites from neat polylactic acid (PLA) and wood/PLA filaments were investigated. The reaction to fire of the 3D-printed specimens was tested according to the ISO 5660-1 cone calorimeter test method. The results showed that the properties of the specimens when exposed to fire were significantly affected by the incorporation of wood flour into the PLA filament. It was also interesting that PLA specimens had much better reactions to fire than the wood/PLA specimens. Time to ignition was found to be much longer in the 3D-printed PLA specimens.… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Improvement in the Performance of the Polylactic Acid Composites by Using Deep Eutectic Solvent Treated Pulp Fiber

    Lei Tan, Liangxian Liu, Chaodong Liu, Weihong Wang*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1897-1911, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.016418
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Polylactide Based Biopolymeric Systems)
    Abstract As the most favorable alternative to petroleum-based polymers, polylactic acid (PLA) which is the most promising degradable polymer has attracted increasing attention. However, the addition of cellulose to improve its strength often results in a reduction in its toughness. In this work, microscale cellulose is first prepared from pulp fibers by using a deep eutectic solvent, and then is used as the reinforcement of PLA. A microcrystalline cellulose (MCC)/PLA sheet with uniform texture is obtained by the solution mixing, melt blending, hot-pressing and cold-pressing process. The effects of MCC on the crystallization, thermal stability and mechanical properties of the PLA… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Alcoholysis of Waste Polyurethane Rigid Foam and Its Modification with Lignin for Recovery

    Xiaohua Gu1,*, Shiwei Lyu1, Siwen Liu2
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1913-1926, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015400
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable Foam Materials and Composites)
    Abstract A bi-component alcoholysis agent containing propylene glycol (PG) and ethanolamine (ETA) was used to catalyst the degradation of the waste polyurethane rigid foam. The oligomer polyols obtained through degradation were used as raw materials to produce recycled polyurethane rigid foam composites with lignin as reinforcing filler. The effect of alcoholysis mass ratio on degradation was investigated by analyzing the viscosity, hydroxyl content and chemical structure of the degradation products. The effect of lignin addition on the properties of regenerated polyurethane rigid foam were investigated by analyzing water absorption rate, compressive strength, porosity, thermal stability, thermal conductivity coefficient, morphology and thermal… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Corrosion Protection of 5083 AA in Saline Water by Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibers

    Enas H. Ali, Juman A. Naser*, Zainab W. Ahmed, Taki A. Himdan
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1927-1939, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015624
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Current Advances in Green Nanomaterials Applications)
    Abstract Polymeric nanofibers are a promising technology to protect the metal surfaces from corrosion. Through the literature search, the use of polyacrylonitrile nanofibres (PANNFs) as a corrosion inhibitor coating for aluminum alloys has not been evaluated. This work includes the development of a new, lightweight, high surface area and efficient coating of PANNFs that produced using electrospinning process to resist the corrosion of aluminum alloys (AA5083) which immersed in 0.6 M NaCl at alkaline medium (pH = 12) and acidic medium (pH = 1) at a range of temperatures (293–323) K. The PANNFs coating was successfully deposited on AA 5083 specimens,… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Improved Geotechnical Behavior of an Expansive Soil Amended with Cationic Polyacrylamide

    Shengquan Zhou1, Minjie Shi1,*, Wei Chen1, Yongfei Zhang1, Weijian Wang1, Haojin Zhang1, Dongwei Li2
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1941-1957, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015693
    Abstract The characteristics of soil treated with cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) mass content of 0%, 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6%, 0.8%, and 1% were investigated through a series of laboratory tests to explore the practical engineering effect of an expansive soil amended with environmental protection material CPAM. The results indicate that with the increasing CPAM content, the liquid limit and plasticity index of soil decrease, the plastic limit increases, and the free swelling ratio and loaded swelling ratio decrease. Besides, the improved soil has less disintegrating property and better water stability. The shear strength increases as the content increases, and the optimal content is… More > Graphic Abstract

    Improved Geotechnical Behavior of an Expansive Soil Amended with Cationic Polyacrylamide

  • ARTICLE

    Plasma Treatment Induced Chemical Changes of Alkali Lignin to Enhance the Performances of Lignin-Phenol-Formaldehyde Resin Adhesive

    Zhigang Wu1,#, Sicheng Chen1,#, Jiankun Liang2, Lifen Li1, Xuedong Xi3,4, Xue Deng1, Bengang Zhang3,*, Hong Lei4,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1959-1972, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.016786
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable and Biosourced Adhesives-2021)
    Abstract Alkali lignin was processed by plasma and then used in modification of phenol formaldehyde resin in this study. Chemical structural changes of lignin which was processed by plasma as well as bonding strength, tensile property, curing performance and thermal property of the prepared phenol formaldehyde resin which was modified by the plasma processed lignin were analyzed. Results demonstrated that: (1) Alkali lignin was degraded after the plasma processing. The original groups were destroyed, and the aromatic rings collected abundant free radicals and oxygen-containing functional groups like hydroxyls, carbonyls, carboxyls and acyls were introduced into increase the reaction activity of lignin… More > Graphic Abstract

    Plasma Treatment Induced Chemical Changes of Alkali Lignin to Enhance the Performances of Lignin-Phenol-Formaldehyde Resin Adhesive

  • ARTICLE

    Conceptual Design of Glass/Renewable Natural Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Hybrid Composite Motorcycle Side Cover

    M. A. F. A. Wahab1, S. M. Sapuan1,2,*, M. M. Harussani1, M. Y. M. Zuhri1, A. A. Saleh3
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1973-1989, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.016221
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Natural Fibre Composites: Design, Materials Selection and Fabrication)
    Abstract This paper presents the development process relating to the conceptual design of glass/renewable natural fibrereinforced polymer hybrid composite motorcycle side cover. Motorcycle side cover is a component frequently made from plastic or steel that functions on covering the motorcycle parts, components and systems such as frame, battery, electrical systems and mechanical systems. Function Analysis Systems Techniques (FAST) is used to identify the functions of motorcycle side cover. The right-side cover of motorcycle model SYM E-Bonus 110 has been physically studied to identify the competitive benchmarking criteria. The functions and competitive benchmarking criteria are then compiled and integrated with the environmental… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Effect of Mitigating Strength Retrogradation of Alkali Accelerator by the Synergism of Sodium Sulfate and Waste Glass Powder

    Yongdong Xu, Tingshu He*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 1991-1999, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015931
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable Material from Agricultural Waste and By-Product and Its Applications)
    Abstract This work aims to utilize waste glass powder (WGP) as a plementary material to mitigate the strength shrinkage caused by the alkaline accelerator. Waste glass power was used to replace cement by 0%, 10%, and 20% to evaluate waste glass powder on the alkaline accelerator’s strength retrogradation. The results show that the strength improvement effect of unitary glass powder is inconspicuous. Innovative methods have been proposed to use sodium sulfate and waste glass powder synergism, using the activity of amorphous silica in glass powder. Compared with the reference group, the compressive strength of 28d mortar increases by 67% when the… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Preparation and Performance of a Fluorine-Free and Alkali-Free Liquid Accelerator for Shotcrete

    Jianbing Zhang1, Rongjin Liu1,2,3,*, Siyuan Fu1, Tianyu Gao1, Zhongfei Zhang1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 2001-2013, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015812
    Abstract Based on aluminum sulfate, a fluorine-free and alkali-free liquid accelerator (FF-AF-A) was prepared in this study. The setting time and compressive strength of three cement types with different FF-AF-A dosages were fully investigated. The compatibility of the FF-AF-A with the superplasticizers were also investigated, and the early hydration behavior and morphology of the hydration products of reference cement paste with the FF-AF-A were explored by hydration heat, X-ray diffractometry (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Test results indicated that adding the FF-AF-A at 8 wt% of the cement weight resulted in 2 min 35 s initial setting time and 6… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Treatment of Agate Dyeing Wastewater Using an Immobilized Gel Mixture with Nano-Fe3O4 Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria

    Xuying Guo1,*, Guoliang Jiang2, Saiou Fu3, Zhiyong Hu3, Junzhen Di2, Yanrong Dong2, Ying Li4
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 2015-2032, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015878
    Abstract To solve the problems of high Cr6+, Cr3+, SO42– and H+ concentrations, pollution and processing costs associated with agate dyeing industrial drainage, we prepared an immobilized gel mixture for the treatment of such drainage on the basis of microbial immobilization technology. The immobilized gel mixture was composed of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB), corn cob, and nano-Fe3O4 (nFe3O4). We used a single-factor experiment to determine the optimal dose of each matrix component. We analyzed the mechanism underlying the treatment of agate dyeing wastewater with an immobilized gel mixture by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy detection. The results of the single-factor test… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Combined Recycling of White Rice Husk Ash as Cement Replacement and Metal Furnace Slag as Coarse-Aggregate Replacement to Produce Self-Consolidating Concrete

    Naphol Yoobanpot1,*, Prakasit Sokrai2, Natt Makul2
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 2033-2049, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015849
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recycled Concrete Towards a Sustainable Society)
    Abstract According to empirical evidence, high levels of energy and considerable amounts of natural resources are used in the production of concrete. Given the context, this study explores self-consolidating concrete (SCC) that includes rice husk ash (RHA) and metal furnace slag (MFS) as an alternative to cement and the natural aggregates in standard SCC mixes. In this study, mixture designs are investigated with 20 wt.% of RHA, 10–30 wt.% of MFS and water-to-powder material ratios of 0.30 and 0.40. Based on the findings regarding the fresh-state, hardened-state, and durability properties of the resulting SCC mixes, it is evident that the use… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Effect of Alkaline Electrolyzed Water on Performance Improvement of Green Concrete with High Volume of Mineral Admixtures

    Guibin Liu1, Meinan Wang2, Qi Yu1, Qiuyi Li2, Liang Wang2,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.11, pp. 2051-2065, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015398
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable building materials and properties)
    Abstract The strength and durability of concrete will be significantly reduced at high volume of mineral admixture, and the poor early strength of concrete also still needs to be solved. In this investigation, a highly active alkaline electrolyzed waters was used as mixing water to improve the early strength and enhance the durability of green concrete with high volume mineral admixture, the influences of alkaline electrolyzed water (AEW) on hydration activity of mineral admixture and durability of concrete were determined. The results showed that compared with natural tap water, AEW can accelerate early hydration process of cement in concrete and produce… More > Graphic Abstract

    Effect of Alkaline Electrolyzed Water on Performance Improvement of Green Concrete with High Volume of Mineral Admixtures

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