Journals / JRM / Vol.7, No.3


    Conversion of Waste Parasitic Insect (Hylobius abietis L.) into Antioxidative, Antimicrobial and Biodegradable Films

    Murat Kaya1,*, Idris Sargin1, Povilas Mulerčikas2, Jalel Labidi3, Asier M. Salaberria3, Yavuz S. Cakmak1, Sonata Kazlauskaitė2, Demet Erdonmez4, Vykintas Baublys5
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 215-226, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00002
    Abstract Hylobius abietis is a plant parasitic insect belonging to the order Coleoptera and which causes severe damages to coniferous forests in Northern and Eastern Europe. This current study is aimed to provide a new viewpoint into the waste of this insect by producing chitosan. Dry insect corpses consisted of 27.9% chitin and 86.2% of the chitin was converted into the chitosan. FT-IR spectra analyses confirmed the purity and the deacetylation degree of the produced chitosan (molecular weight of chitosan; 7.3 kDa). This chitosan exhibited antimicrobial activity against 18 bacterial strains. Further, biodegradable chitosan composite films with β-carotene were produced. Antioxidant… More >


    Analysis of Compression Resistance and Oil Adsorption Capacity of Cellulose/NaOH Cryogels

    Lídia K. Lazzari*, Vitória B. Zampieri, Ademir J. Zattera, Camila Baldasso
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 227-234, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00024
    Abstract This work aimed at analyzing the petroleum adsorption capacity and the compressive strength of cellulose cryogels produced with the addition of 4 and 8% (w/w) sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Cryogels were produced from a 1.5% (m/m) suspension of cellulose microfibers, which originated from Pinus elliotti, in distilled water. The addition of NaOH increased the compression strength of cryogel by 30% when compared to cryogel without the reagent. Due to the 50% decrease in volume, the cryogel FLNB-8h (8% NaOH) has its petroleum adsorption capacity decreased in average by 58%, whereas the FLNB-4 (4% NaOH) cryogel had it only by 14%. The… More >


    Influence of Blueberry and Jaboticaba Agroindustrial Residue Particle Size on Color Change of Corn Starch Based Films Submitted to Different pH Values Solutions

    Cláudia Leites Luchese*, Julia Menegotto Frick Pavoni, Jordana Corralo Spada, Isabel Cristina Tessaro
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 235-243, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00033
    Abstract Corn starch, glycerol and agroindustrial residues were used to produce films by casting. By-products from juice processing, blueberry and jaboticaba in powder with different particle sizes were added in the filmogenic matrix to evaluate its potential as a colorimetric indicator. Blueberry and jaboticaba peels are commonly discarded although contain high amount of important compounds as anthocyanins. These compounds have the ability to color change after immersion in different pH values, demonstrating its potential for the intelligent packaging development. Analyses were performed in a colorimeter after films immersion in different buffer solutions. Visual color changes were perceived; reddish and bluish color… More >


    Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastic Starch and Poly(Vinyl Alcohol-Co-Ethylene) Blends

    Ana Clara Lancarovici Alves, Rafael Grande, Antonio José Felix Carvalho*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 245-252, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00833
    Abstract The interest in thermoplastic starch (TPS) as a substitute material to replace conventional thermoplastics continues especially due its biodegradability, availability, low cost and because it is obtained from renewable sources. However, its poor mechanical properties and its high sensitivity to humidity have limited its use in several applications. Here, the copolymer poly (ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) (EVOH), with two different ethylene contents, 27 and 44 mol% were blended with TPS by extrusion in order to overcome these limitations. The obtained blends were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), mechanical tensile testing, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and moisture absorption test.… More >


    Effect of Recycling Cycles on the Mechanical and Damping Properties of Short Alfa Fibre Reinforced Polypropylene Composite

    Fatima Ezzahra El Abbassi1,*, Mustapha Assarar2, Rezak Ayad2, Hamid Sabhi2, Stephane Buet2, Nouzha Lamdouar3
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 253-267, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.01759
    Abstract This paper aims at studying the effect of recycling on the static and dynamic properties of short alfa fibre reinforced polypropylene. For this purpose, alfa fibres reinforced composites were elaborated by an injection moulding process and were subjected to different mechanical recycling cycles. Then, non-recycled and recycled materials were subjected to static tests and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) to evaluate the effect of recycling on their behaviour. Besides, the effects of alkali and salt water treatments on the static and dynamic properties of the alfa composite were also investigated. The obtained results show that tensile and flexural properties of alfa… More >


    Poly (Butylene Adipate-Co-Terephthalate) and Poly (Ɛ-Caprolactone) and Their Bionanocomposites with Cellulose Nanocrystals: Thermo-Mechanical Properties and Cell Viability Study

    Marcia Cristina Branciforti1,*, Caroline Faria Bellani2, Carolina Lipparelli Morelli2, Alice Ferrand3, Nadia Benkirane-Jessel3, Rosario Elida Suman Bretas2
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 269-277, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.01833
    Abstract Although nanocomposites have recently attracted special interest in the tissue engineering area, due to their potential to reinforce scaffolds for hard tissues applications, a number of variables must be set prior to any clinical application. This manuscript addresses the evaluation of thermo-mechanical properties and of cell proliferation of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT), poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) films and their bionanocomposites with 2 wt% of CNC obtained by casting technique. Cellulose nanocrystals extracted from Balsa wood by acid hydrolysis were used as a reinforcing phase in PBAT and PCL matrix films. The films and pure CNC at different concentrations were cultured… More >


    Electromagnetic Characterization of Recyclable Polymer Nanofibers Based on PSU/Carbonyl Iron

    Daniel Cônsoli Silveira1,*, Tiago Teixeira da Silva Braga1, Daniel Molina Gil1, Newton Adriano dos Santos Gomes2, Lilia Müller Guerrini3, Edson Cocchieri Botelho1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 279-287, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.01834
    Abstract This study investigated and defined the optimal processing parameters for the electrospinning of polysulfone polymer solutions with N,N-dimethylacetamide. Variation of parameters such as solute concentration, electrical voltage, and working distance were correlated with the quality of the obtained nanofibers using morphological characterization via scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Carbonyl iron additive was dispersed in the polymer solutions, using ultrasonic tip, and the material processed via electrospinning with aforementioned parameters defined. Nanofibers with the property of interaction with electromagnetic waves were obtained. The dispersion of different concentrations of the additive and electromagnetic characterizations in the X-band of microwaves (8.2 and 12.4 GHz),… More >


    A Challenging Approach to Improve the Low Affinity of Acrylic Fibres to Be Successfully Dyed with a Bio-Colorant Extracted from Grape Marc

    Noureddine Baaka1,*, Manel Ben Ticha1,2, Wafa Haddar1,3, Mohamed Farouk Mhenni1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 289-300, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.04355
    Abstract Acrylic fibres are highly crystalline and non-polar polymers, which makes their dyeing a very difficult step that poses real technical challenges. In order to overcome this concern, it is intended in this paper to modify acrylic fibers by different methods namely cationisation using the Crosscolor DRT then amidoximation using hydroxylamine hydrochloride and ammonium acetate. The resulted samples were dyed then with the bio-colorant extracted from grape marc. The effect of the pretreatment on fibers fine structure using X-ray diffraction and the scanning electron microscope (SEM) images and its correlation with the colour strength of the dyed fabrics was investigated. The… More >


    Glucose-Biobased Non-Isocyanate Polyurethane Rigid Foams

    Xuedong Xi1,2, A. Pizzi1,*, C. Gerardin3, Guanben Du2
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 301-312, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.04174
    Abstract Glucose-based non-isocyanate polyurethanes (NIPU) were prepared by reaction of glucose with dimethyl carbonate and hexamethylene diamine. These were used to prepare partially biobased polyurethane foams by reaction with NaHCO3 as a blowing agent and addition of a silane coupling agent having different functions such as coreactant and adjuvant to obtain more uniform and smaller cells. The foams were foamed and hardened by applying heat. The foams presented very limited fire resistance indicating that as for synthetic polyurethane foams the eventual use of a fire retardant appears to be necessary. The 2 hours water absorption was used to indicate if close… More >

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