The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences

About the Journal

The Journal is intended to publish the selected paper from the conference ICCES (http://www.iccesconf.org), for the worldwide free distribution. The conference ICCES is to bring researchers from the world's academia, industry, and the governments to discuss the recent advances in computational and experimental engineering & sciences, and to facilitate collaborative research efforts.

Indexing and Abstracting

Portico, etc...

  • Numerical Modeling of Material Deformation Responses Using Gradient Continuum Theory
  • Abstract In modeling of material deformation responses, the physical phenomena such as stress singularity problems, strain localization and modeling of size effects cannot be properly captured by means of classical continuum mechanics. Therefore, various regularization techniques have been developed to overcome these problems. In the case of gradient approach the implicit gradient formulations are usually used when dealing with softening. Although the structural responses are mesh objective, they suffer from spurious damage growth. Therefore, a new formulation based on the strain gradient continuum theory, which includes both strain gradients and their stress conjugates, has been proposed. In this way, a physically… More
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  • Basic concepts and numerical integration issues in the 2D boundary element implementation of strain gradient elasticity problems
  • Abstract The mathematical modeling of microdevices, in which structure and microstructure have approximately the same scale of magnitude, as well as of macrostructures of markedly granular or crystal nature (microcomposites), demands a nonlocal approach for strains and stresses. The present proposition is based on a simplified strain gradient theory laid down by Aifantis, which has also been applied mainly by Beskos and collaborators in the context of the boundary element method. This paper is an extension of a presentation made during the ICCES 2014 Conference in Crete, Greece, now relying on machine-precision evaluation of all singular and hypersingular integrals required in… More
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  • A Multigrid Coupled DEIM Method for High-Efficient Simulation of Compressible Gas Porous Flow
  • Abstract In natural gas engineering, the numerical simulation plays a significant role in the exploration, production and optimization of natural gas reservoir. However, numerical simulations of compressible gas flow in porous media are always expensive due to the gas compressibility and nonlinear properties. To save the computational cost, in this work we present a multigrid coupled discrete empirical interpolation method (MG-DEIM) to speedup the simulation of compressible gas porous flow. In this MG-DEIM framework, the core idea is that the multigrid method based on the full approximate scheme (FAS) is used to solve the flow equation (a pressure equation); for the… More
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  • A 3D multi-physics boundary element computational framework for polycrystalline materials micro-mechanics
  • Abstract A recently developed novel three-dimensional (3D) computational framework for the analysis of polycrystalline materials at the grain scale is described in this lecture. The framework is based on the employment of: i) 3D Laguerre-Voronoi tessellations for the representation of the micro-morphology of polycrystalline materials; ii) boundary integral equations for the representation of the mechanics of the individual grains; iii) suitable cohesive traction-separation laws for the representation of the multi-physics behavior of the interfaces (either inter-granular or trans-granular) within the aggregate, which are the seat of damage initiation and evolution processes, up to complete decohesion and failure. The lecture will describe… More
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  • Global Analysis of Crisis in a Non-smooth Vibration Oscillator
  • Abstract Vibration isolation design is essential for the spacecraft capture operation in the on-orbit servicing missions. And contact impact is also inevitable in this process, which can be simplified as piece-smooth ordinary differential equations and generate abundant dynamics phenomena. Therefore, it is especially important to study the contact dynamics responses. And global behavior research can be visualized the characteristics of system. Aiming to this issue, the global dynamics of a single-degree-of-freedom non-smooth mechanical system in a vibration isolation experiment is studied by using advanced numerical procedure in this paper. For this non- smooth impact and friction oscillator, the forcing frequency is… More
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  • Numerical Simulation of Glaze Ice Formation with Accompanied by Water Film Flow Using E-MPS Method
  • Abstract Icing is a phenomenon that super-cooled droplets impinge and accrete on a solid surface. When the icing occurs on aircraft wings, it deteriorates aerodynamic performances of the wings and the blade cascades of the engine, which may lead to severe accidents. Although number of investigations have been performed both experimentally and numerically [1], the icing shape prediction is now not practically complete due to the complex aspect of icing phenomena. In the previous research, Toba et al. [2] employed an explicitmoving particles simulation method (referred as E-MPS method), which was based on the Lagrangian approach, to reproduce the icing process… More
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  • The Analysis of Flexoelectric Effect in Quantum-Dot system
  • Abstract The flexoelectric effect is investigated in quantum dot (QD) nano-sized structures. The lattice mismatch between QD and matrix results in non-uniform strains and presence of the strain gradients in the structure. The strain gradients induces the change of the polarization in QD structure as a consequence of the flexoelectric effect. When the dimensions of the QDs are of the same order of magnitude as the material length scale, gradient elasticity theory should be used to account for the size dependent of such nano-sized QDs. In this work the flexoelectric theory is applied for 3D analysis of QDs with the functionally… More
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  • Multiscale Topology Optimization using Subspace-based Model Reduction Method
  • Abstract High performance of the spacecraft structure is required in the special environment, it includes mechanical performance and operational performance, etc. When performing tasks, the spaceborne equipment requires high precision. Therefore, the design of lightweight, high stability and high reliability structure is essential for spacecraft. Topology optimization is widely used in structural design. However, there are some problems in the structure after macro topology optimization, such as checkerboard, local optimal solution and other phenomena. Despite a long calculation period, the obtained structure is often not smooth enough and hard to manufacture. Aiming to this issue, this paper proposes a combined method… More
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  • Coupling VEM and BEM for computational homogenization of composite materials
  • Abstract The Virtual Element Method (VEM) [1] is a recent numerical technique that is capable of dealing with very general polygonal and polyhedral mesh elements, including irregular or non-convex ones. Because of this feature, the VEM ensures noticeable simplification in the data preparation stage of the analysis, especially for problems whose analysis domain features complex geometries, as in the case of computational micromechanics problems [2]. The Boundary Element Method (BEM) [3] is a well-known, extensively used and efficient numerical technique that has been successfully employed for the computational homogenization of materials with complex morphologies [4]. Due to its underlying formulation, the… More
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  • Numerical Simulation of Particulate Erosion in a Single-Stage Turbine for Jet Engines
  • Abstract Recently, ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are expected to utilize for the components of gas turbine engines due to its low density, high strength, and high rigidity in the high-temperature condition. The environmental barrier coating (EBC) is a key technology for the practical application of CMC to prevent surface regression from particulate and water vapor environments. However, the anti-erosion characteristics of CMC and EBC have not been clarified. In the present study, the authors performed numerical simulations of particulate erosion phenomena in a high-pressure turbine first stage to investigate the differences in the damage pattern and the performance between particle sizes.… More
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  • Nonlinear Vibration Analysis of Seismic-isolation Laminated Rubber Considering Bi-directional Restoring Force Model
  • Abstract The seismic-isolation laminated rubber is used as a means of suppressing damage to the structures caused by an earthquake. To design the seismically isolated structure, it is important to calculate the dynamic response reflecting the rubbers characteristics accurately. The authors have applied the nonlinear vibration analysis method using the restoring force model of the power function type to the seismic response analysis of seismic isolation rubber in horizontal unidirectional [1-3]. However, when seismic isolation laminated rubber is loaded in horizontal bi-direction, the seismic isolation laminated rubber is torsional deformed and breaks with less force than when loaded in unidirectional. It… More
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  • Estimation of Turbulent Flow from Wall Information via Machine Learning
  • Abstract Along with rapid development of computer technologies, a wide range of turbulent flows have been investigated by direct numerical simulations and the big databases have been built throughout the world. From the DNS results, we can investigate turbulent characteristics in three-dimensional space and time. In the laboratory experiment, we can apply sophisticated laser diagnostics technique to measure flow field non-invasively in research. On actual equipment, it is very difficult to get the flow field data away from the wall. We can measure only wall information, such as wall shear stresses and pressure. When we predict turbulence from wall information, we… More
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  • Residual Strength and Microdamage of Cortical Bone After Non-Destructive Creep Loading
  • Abstract Bone tissue is a viscoelastic material which shows time-dependent mechanical manner. Moreover, it is known that bone microdamage is generated by physiological normal mechanical loading in vivo [1-3]. In order to know basic insight into the adverse effects of creep loading on bone strength, in the present study, we focused on the mechanical behavior of cortical bone after nondestructive creep loading at high stress magnitude. Cylindrical specimens were obtained from cortical bone in the longitudinal and tangential direction of bovine femur. We statically applied a compressive stress to the specimens (creep group) for 24 hours. The specimens without creep loading… More
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  • Symmetric Notches Cause Strengthening in Brittle Metallic glasses
  • Abstract For all engineering materials, the flaws are introduced inevitably from fabrication, mechanical damage, and corrosion. These stress raisers always induce catastrophic failures and it is therefore of great importance to understand the effect of flaws on the mechanical properties of engineering materials. The effect of flaws on metallic glasses (MGs) is a debatable topic because many relevant works have reported notch strengthening, notch weakening and notch insensitivity for brittle MGs. The significant notch strengthening of MGs was attributed to the transition of failure mechanism, from catastrophic shear banding to ductile fracture. Here we investigate systematically the influence of notch geometry… More
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  • Multi-physics CFD Simulation in a Jet Engine
  • Abstract In a turbine of a jet engine, deposition phenomenon is often observed. Deposition is a phenomenon that particles such as volcanic ash, sand and dust passing through a combustion chamber of a jet engine are melt, rapidly cooled and then accumulate on the turbine blade and end-wall surfaces. Deposition is one of critical problems when aircraft flies in a cloud with many particles. Obviously, deposition can degrade the aerodynamic performance of the turbine blade and vane, and make partial or complete blockage of film-cooling holes. As the result, deposition deteriorates safety and life time of the turbine. In the past… More
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  • Inverse Analysis of Viscoelastic Material Properties Considering Time- and Temperature-Dependence of Poisson’s Ratio
  • Abstract This study proposes a method for identifying viscoelastic properties that considers time- and temperature dependence of Poisson's ratio using inverse analysis. In this method, displacement distribution, which are input values of inverse analysis, is measured by digital image correlation [1], and unknown material properties are determined using the virtual fields method [2]. This method targets plane stress condition and the Poisson's ratio of the viscoelastic body depends on the time and temperature [3]. This study focuses on the correspondence law and proposes a method for calculating stresses considering time- and temperature dependence of Poisson's ratio. In-plane strains are measured and… More
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  • A Method for Measuring Displacement and Strain of Rubber Sheets with Large Deformation Using Digital Image Correlation
  • Abstract This study establishes a method to measure the displacement and strain of rubber with large and fast deformations using digital image correlation. In order to elucidate the mechanism of growth of a crack and to investigate the complex behavior of a crack tip, which is important for that purpose, displacement and strain near the crack where large strains are locally generated by stress concentration are measured. A displacement restraint rubber sheet of a strip fixed at upper and lower ends with an initial crack is used as a test piece. A constant rate displacement load is applied to it, its… More
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  • Phase analysis for out-of-plane displacement measurement using laser lines generated in camera with diffraction grating
  • Abstract In this study, a sampling moire method in which parallel laser lines were generated in a camera using a diffraction grating was proposed. A green laser of line projection function, a diffraction grating and an industrial camera were used as an experimental device. Object images with laser line projection before and after displacement were taken by the camera. Displacements that calculated by a sampling moire method and a method of averaging center-ofgravity were be compared. Results show that the proposed method is more precision than method of averaging center-of-gravity. More
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  • Fully Phase-Wise Conservative and Bound-Preserving Algorithms for Multiphase Flow in Geological Formation
  • Abstract Modeling and simulation of multiphase flow in porous media have been a major effort in reservoir engineering and in environmental study. Petroleum engineers use reservoir simulation models to manage existing petroleum fields and to develop new oil and gas reservoirs, while environmental scientists use subsurface flow and transport models to investigate and compare for example various schemes to inject and store CO2 in subsurface geological formations, such as depleted reservoirs and deep saline aquifers. One well cited requirement is to conserve the mass globally and locally, but most popular methods of N-phase flow used in practice conserve mass only for… More
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  • Accurate, High-Speed, Full-Color and Vibration-Resistant 3D Shape Measurement Using Linear LED Devices
  • Abstract Several types of accurate and high-speed 3D shape measurement using linear LED devices were developed by author's research group. The linear LED device is a key device to develop them. High-speed phase shift synchronized with camera triggers can be achieved by switching the lighting position of the linear LED. The control signals can be generated easily with a no special micro-computer. A compact projector unit can be produced. Author also proposed a calibration method, named a whole-space tabulation method (WSTM), for an accurate and high-speed shape measurement using multiple reference planes. A handy, fullcolor and real-time 3D shape measurement unit… More
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