Journals / ICCES / Vol.6, No.2
Table of Content

  • ABSTRACT

    Computational Simulation of Mechanical Behavior of Semi-Crystalline Polymers with Randomly Distributed Rubber Particles

    M. Uchida1, N. Tada1, Y. Tomita2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 91-98, 2008, DOI:10.3970/icces.2008.006.091
    Abstract Micro- to mesoscopic deformation behavior of semi-crystalline polymer with randomly distributed rubber particles is evaluated by numerical simulation. In this model, dimension of mesostructure is identified by volume fraction of interface region around the rubber particles. The effects of strain rate and size of mesostructure on macroscopic stress-strain relation and strain distribution in mesoscopic area are discussed. In the earlier stage of deformation, the slope of stress-strain relation changes by rubber particle size while stress in the following deformation is mainly affected by the tensile strain rate. The anisotropic deformation in lamellar oriented interface region causes change in the strain… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Modified Lattice Model for Mode-I Fracture Analysis of Notched Plain Concrete Beam using Probabilistic Approach

    B.K. Raghu Prasad1, T.V.R.L. Rao1, A.R.Gopalakrishnan1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 99-112, 2008, DOI:10.3970/icces.2008.006.099
    Abstract A modified lattice model using finite element method has been developed to study the mode-I fracture analysis of heterogeneous materials like concrete. In this model, the truss members always join at points where aggregates are located which are modeled as plane stress triangular elements. The truss members are given the properties of cement mortar matrix randomly, so as to represent the randomness of strength in concrete. It is widely accepted that the fracture of concrete structures should not be based on strength criterion alone, but should be coupled with energy criterion. Here, by incorporating the strain softening through a parameter… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Structural Integrity of Functionally Graded Composite Structure using Mindlin-Type Finite Elements

    O. Oyekoya, D. Mba1, A. El-Zafrany
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 113-118, 2008, DOI:10.3970/icces.2008.006.113
    Abstract In this paper, two new Mindlin-type plate bending elements have been derived for the modelling of functionally graded plate subjected to various loading conditions such as tensile loading, in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending. The properties of the first Mindlin-type element (i.e. Average Mindlin element) are computed by using an average fibre distribution technique which averages the macro-mechanical properties over each element. The properties of the second Mindlin-type element (i.e. Smooth Mindlin element) are computed by using a smooth fibre distribution technique, which directly uses the macro-mechanical properties at Gaussian quadrature points of each element. There were two types of non-linearity… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    in silico Method for the Identification of Mycobacterial sp. Potential Drug Targets

    Ashutosh Singh1, Shruti Mishra2, Dhwani Raghav1, Asheesh shanker1, Vinay Sharma1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 119-124, 2008, DOI:10.3970/icces.2008.006.119
    Abstract Drug resistance has increased the pace of war against the ever-growing challenge of mycobacterial infections particularly with the growing menace of tuberculosis (TB).Previous studies reported several essential and virulent genes of mycobacterium like virS gene and mymA operon[1] through experimental approaches. However, Post genomic approach applied for the identification of targets for tuberculosis which includes the comparison of Mycobacterium tuberculosis CDC1551 proteome against database of essential genes and proteome of Homo sapiens. A total of approx 4000 proteins were studied and compared and 19 proteins were found to possess potentiality to call as Targets. More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Constitutive Relation for Friction Describing Transition from Static to Kinetic Friction and Vice Versa

    K. Hashiguchi1, S. Ozaki2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 125-132, 2008, DOI:10.3970/icces.2008.006.125
    Abstract The subloading-friction model with a smooth elastic-plastic sliding transition is extended so as to describe the reduction from the static to kinetic friction and the recovery of static friction. The reduction is formulated as the plastic softening due to the separations of the adhesions of surface asperities induced by the sliding and the recovery is formulated as the creep hardening due to the reconstructions of the adhesions of surface asperities during the elapse of time under a quite high actual contact pressure between edges of asperities. More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Carbon Nanotube Transmission between Linear and Rotational Motions

    Hanqing Jiang1, Junqiang Lu2, Min-Feng Yu2, Yonggang Huang3
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 133-144, 2008, DOI:10.3970/icces.2008.006.133
    Abstract The periodic lattice registry of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have been exploited for the possibilities of development of nanodevices. This paper studied the telescoping behaviors of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) by atomic-scale finite element and tight-bind Green function methods. It was found that telescoping a DWCNT (e.g., (6,3)/(12,6)) will induce a rotational motion of the inner CNT that has a chirl angle θ (0◦ < θ < 30◦). This telescoping-induced rotational motion does not exist for armchair and zigzag DWCNTs due to the symmetry of CNTs. The rotational angle is completely determined by the chirality of the inner CNT and… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Prediction Method of Vibration and Noise Regarding Mechanical Systems by Means of Experimental Modeling

    N.Ishizuka1, T.Okada2, T.Ikeno2, K.Shiomi2, M.Okuma3
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 145-150, 2008, DOI:10.3970/icces.2008.006.145
    Abstract The accurate modeling of structures is very important for any engineering analysis such as simulation and design optimization of mechanical systems for noise and vibration. It is desired that such a modeling process should not be time-consuming and that the created model must have structural dynamic properties corresponding with the actual ones. But in practice, it is often difficult or even impossible to satisfy the desire by using conventional theoretical methods such as the Finite Element Method (FEM) when we consider actual mechanical systems which consist of many substructures. In this paper, under the assumption that vibration tests can be… More >

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