Journals / ICCES / Vol.10, No.1
Table of Content

  • ABSTRACT

    Segmentation methods for human motion analysis from image sequences

    Maria João M. Vasconcelos1, João Manuel R. S. Tavares1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 3-4, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.010.003
    Abstract In the last years, researchers from the Computational Vision working field have been developing new methods to perform image segmentation for human motion analysis. The development of computational techniques suitable to automatically identify the structures involved is necessary to obtain more representative and robust features to be further used in the analysis of human motion from image sequences.
    The first step of human motion analysis from image sequences is strongly related with image segmentation. In fact, the first goal of any system designed for this aim is the identification of the structures’ features to be analysed in the image frames.… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Probabilistic properties of limit-state location in directional simulation in load space

    M R Moarefzadeh1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 5-6, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.010.005
    Abstract Among varieties of techniques to estimate structural reliability, directional simulation is well developed. This technique was first proposed to be used in standard Gaussian space where all random processes/variables are involved [1]. The main advantage of this procedure is that in each directional sample a closed form expression is available to estimate structural probability of failure conditioned on the sampled direction. The technique was then extended to a space in which all random variables/processes are involved, but they are not necessarily Gaussian [2,3]. Furthermore, Melchers [4] proposed this technique to be utilized in the load space rather than the space… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Crystallite Size Distribution Determination By X-Ray Diffraction

    D. Balzar1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 7-8, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.010.007
    Abstract X-ray diffraction is a useful technique for the estimation of size distributions of smaller crystallites. With the constant improvement of experimental techniques, especially with the advent of new-generation synchrotron and neutron sources with superior resolution, these size distributions can be precisely determined. Furthermore, modern methods for the analysis of X-ray diffraction patterns, such as Rietveld refinement, increasingly go beyond the determination of structural parameters and include refinable parameters for a physical crystallite size distribution.

    Several common size distributions (such as lognormal and gamma) will be considered. Particularly, a lognormal distribution of both ellipsoidal and cylindrical crystals with elliptical cross-sections can… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Propagation of Lamb waves in stubbed phononic plates

    Tsung-Tsong Wu1, Tzung-Chen Wu1, Jin-Chen Hsu1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 9-10, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.010.009
    Abstract Recently, propagation of bulk and surface acoustic waves in periodic structures called phononic crystals (PCs) has attracted a lot of interests. The existence of band gaps, the frequency ranges in which acoustic wave propagation is forbidden, in such periodic structures has demonstrated many potential applications to acoustic-wave devices, such as filters, resonators, efficient acoustic waveguides, etc.
    In this paper, Lamb wave propagation in a thin plate with a periodic stubbed surface is investigated numerically and experimentally. A detailed evolution of how the band structure form the complete band gaps as the increase of the stub height is studied numerically using… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    An Analysis of Continued Plane Strain Compression by The Upper Bound Method

    Sergei Alexandrov1, Mustafa Yusof2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 11-24, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.010.011
    Abstract An efficient method for quick analysis and design of a class of metal forming processes is proposed. The method is based on the upper bound theorem and deals with continued deformation. Its main advantage is that numerical minimization involved in the upper bound method and solving differential equations for updating the configuration of deforming material are uncoupled. It significantly reduces computation time. Even though the accuracy of the method is unknown in advance, a procedure for verifying its accuracy a posteriori is proposed. The method is applied to plane strain compression of a viscous layer between two rough, parallel plates.… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Non-Linear geometrically exact solid-shell elements with seven displacement degrees of freedom

    G.M. Kulikov1, S.V. Plotnikova1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 25-26, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.010.025
    Abstract This paper presents the robust non-linear geometrically exact four-node solid-shell elements based on the first-order seven-parameter equivalent single-layer theory, which permits us to utilize the 3D constitutive equations. The term "geometrically exact" reflects the fact that geometry of the reference surface is described by analytically given functions and displacement vectors are resolved in the reference surface frame. As fundamental shell unknowns six displacements of the outer surfaces and a transverse displacement of the midsurface are chosen. Such choice of displacements gives the possibility to derive strain-displacement relationships, which are invariant under arbitrarily large rigid-body shell motions in a convected curvilinear… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Aeroelasticity analysis of wind turbine blades based on CFD-CSD coupling

    Wei Liu1, Yiwei Wang1, Yiran An1, Xianyue Su1,2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 27-28, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.010.027
    Abstract Understanding the aeroelastic behavior of the blade is crucial to the design of large wind turbines, which has been attracting more and more research efforts. Essentially, the aeroelasticity problem of wind turbine blades is a fluid-solid interaction problem with obvious interface. At the present time, in the aeroelasticity analysis of wind turbine, CFD software based on the incompressible Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations are not yet routinely used , in part because of the lack of experience with regard to the application of these software to various wind turbine rotors for a wide range of conditions and the complexity of the… More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Structural health monitoring of buckling composite structures using acoustic emission

    C. A. Featherston1, M. Eaton1, R. Pullin1, K. M. Holford1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 29-36, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.010.029
    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • ABSTRACT

    Design of nonlinear spring for a designated load path

    Dein Shaw1, Chih Ren Huang1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 37-38, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.010.037
    Abstract The purpose of this research is to propose a design method for displacement path of a curved nonlinear spring (As shown in Fig. 1). The design method is divided the spring into several nonlinear linear spring segments of coordinates to be determined connecting points (nodal points). The relation between external load and displacement is defined by the request of user. The relation between load and displacement of each line segment of the spring is presented by large deformation theorem. The prior known variables are moment of inertia, cross section area, material property and load path. Those variables can be input… More >

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