Journals / CMC / Vol.7, No.2
Table of Content


    Cracking and Creep Role in Displacements at Constant Load: Concrete Solids in Compression

    E. Ferretti1, A. Di Leo1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 59-80, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2008.007.059
    Abstract The main assumption on the basis of the identifying model of the effective law, developed by the Author, is the impossibility of considering the specimen as a continuum, when an identifying procedure from load-displacement to stress-strain in uniaxial compression is attempted. Actually, a failure mechanism with propagation of a macro-crack was found to activate from the very beginning of the uniaxial compression test forth. This leads to considering the acquired displacements as composed by two quotes: one constitutive, due to the material strain, and one of crack opening. Since the ratio between these two quotes is not constant during the… More >


    An LGEM to Identify Time-Dependent Heat Conductivity Function by an Extra Measurement of Temperature Gradient

    Chein-Shan Liu1,2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 81-96, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2008.007.081
    Abstract We consider an inverse problem for estimating an unknown heat conductivity parameter α(t) in a heat conduction equation Tt(x,t) = α(t)Txx(x,t) with the aid of an extra measurement of temperature gradient on boundary. Basing on an establishment of the one-step Lie-group elements G(r) and G(l) for the semi-discretization of heat conduction equation in time domain, we can derive algebraic equations from G(r) = G(l). The new method, namely the Lie-group estimation method (LGEM), is examined through numerical examples to convince that it is highly accurate and efficient; the maximum estimation error is smaller than 10-5 for smooth parameter and for… More >


    Simultaneously Estimating the Time-Dependent Damping and Stiffness Coefficients with the Aid of Vibrational Data

    Chein-Shan Liu1, Jiang-Ren Chang2, Kai-Huey Chang2, Yung-Wei Chen2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 97-108, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2008.007.097
    Abstract For the inverse vibration problem a mathematical method is required to determine unknown parameters from the measurement of vibration data. When both damping and stiffness functions are identified, it is a rather difficult problem. In this paper we will propose a feasible method to simultaneously estimate both the time-dependent damping and stiffness coefficients through three mathematical transformations. First, the second-order equation of motion is transformed into a self-adjoint first-order system by using the concept of integrating factor. Then, we transform these two ODEs into two hyperbolic type PDEs. Finally, we apply a one-step group preserving scheme for the semi-discretizations of… More >


    Computer Simulation of Random Sphere Packing in an Arbitrarily Shaped Container

    S.X. Li1, L. Zhao1, Y.W. Liu2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 109-118, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2008.007.109
    Abstract Most simulations of random sphere packing concern a cubic or cylindric container with periodic boundary, containers of other shapes are rarely studied. In this paper, a new relaxation algorithm with pre-expanding procedure for random sphere packing in an arbitrarily shaped container is presented. Boundaries of the container are simulated by overlapping spheres which covers the boundary surface of the container. We find 0.4~0.6 of the overlap rate is a proper value for boundary spheres. The algorithm begins with a random distribution of small internal spheres. Then the expansion and relaxation procedures are performed alternately to increase the packing density. The… More >

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