Journals / CMC / Vol.1, No.2
Table of Content


    Radial Basis Function and Genetic Algorithms for Parameter Identification to Some Groundwater Flow Problems

    B. Amaziane1, A. Naji2, D. Ouazar3
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 117-128, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2004.001.117
    Abstract In this paper, a meshless method based on Radial Basis Functions (RBF) is coupled with genetic algorithms for parameter identification to some selected groundwater flow applications. The treated examples are generated by the diffusion equation with some specific boundary conditions describing the groundwater fluctuation in a leaky confined aquifer system near open tidal water. To select the best radial function interpolation and show the powerful of the method in comparison to domain based discretization methods, Multiquadric (MQ), Thin-Plate Spline (TPS) and Conical type functions are investigated and compared to finite difference results or analytical one. Through two sample problems in… More >


    A Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) Approach for 3-Dimensional Elasto-dynamics

    Z. D. Han1, S. N. Atluri2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 129-140, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2004.001.129
    Abstract A Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) method has been developed for solving 3D elasto-dynamic problems. It is derived from the local weak form of the equilibrium equations by using the general MLPG concept. By incorporating the moving least squares (MLS) approximations for trial and test functions, the local weak form is discretized, and is integrated over the local sub-domain for the transient structural analysis. The present numerical technique imposes a correction to the accelerations, to enforce the kinematic boundary conditions in the MLS approximation, while using an explicit time-integration algorithm. Numerical examples for solving the transient response of the elastic structures… More >


    An Assumed Strain Triangular Solid Element for Efficient Analysis of Plates and Shells with Finite Rotation

    J. H. Kim1, Y. H. Kim 1, S. W. Lee2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 141-152, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2004.001.141
    Abstract A simple triangular solid shell element formulation is developed for efficient analysis of plates and shells undergoing finite rotations. The kinematics of the present solid shell element formulation is purely vectorial with only three translational degrees of freedom per node. Accordingly, the kinematics of deformation is free of the limitation of small angle increments, and thus the formulation allows large load increments in the analysis of finite rotation. An assumed strain field is carefully selected to alleviate the locking effect without triggering undesirable spurious kinematic modes. In addition, the curved surface of shell structures is modeled with flat facet elements… More >


    Prediction of the behavior of RC Beams Strengthened with FRP Plates

    Ricardo Perera1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 153-172, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2004.001.153
    Abstract Epoxy-bonding a composite plate to the tension face is an effective technique to repair reinforced concrete beams since it increases their strength and rigidity. In this paper, the structural behavior of reinforced concrete beams with fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) plates is studied numerically. For it, a numerical damage model is used in order to predict their strength, stiffness and failure modes observed in experimental tests taking into account the influence of different variables such as the amount of steel reinforcement, the type and amount of external reinforcement, the plate length, etc. The consideration of concrete cracking and the yielding of… More >


    Stress Concentrations Caused by Embedded Optical Fiber Sensors in Composite Laminates

    Kunigal Shivakumar1, Anil Bhargava2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 173-190, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2004.001.173
    Abstract The fiber optic sensor (FOS) embedded perpendicular to reinforcing fibers causes an `Eye' shaped defect. The length is about 16 times fiber optic radius (RFos) and height is about 2RFos. The eye contains fiber optics in the center surrounded by an elongated resin pocket. Embedding FOS causes geometric distortion of the reinforcing fiber over a height equal to 6 to 8 RFos. This defect causes severe stress concentration at the root of the resin pocket, the interface (in the composite) between the optical fiber and the composite, and at 90° to load direction in the composite. The stress concentration was… More >


    Numerical Prediction of Dynamically Propagating and Branching Cracks Using Moving Finite Element Method

    S. Tchouikov1, T. Nishioka1, T. Fujimoto1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 191-204, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2004.001.191
    Abstract Phenomena of dynamic crack branching are investigated numerically from a macroscopic point of view. Repetitive branching phenomena, interaction of cracks after bifurcation and their stability, bifurcation into two and three branches were the objectives of this research. For the analysis of dynamic crack branching, recently we developed moving finite element method based on Delaunay automatic triangulation [Nishioka, Furutuka, Tchouikov and Fujimoto (2002)]. In this study this method was extended to be applicable for complicated crack branching phenomena, such as bifurcation of the propagating crack into more than two branches, multiple crack bifurcation and so on. The switching method of the… More >

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