Journals / CMC / Vol.19, No.2
Table of Content


  • ARTICLE

    Ionic Polymer Metal Composite Flapping Actuator Mimicking Dragonflies

    Sujoy Mukherjee1, Ranjan Ganguli1,2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 105-134, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.019.105
    Abstract In this study, variational principle is used for dynamic modeling of an Ionic Polymer Metal Composite (IPMC) flapping wing. The IPMC is an Electro-active Polymer (EAP) which is emerging as a useful smart material for `artificial muscle' applications. Dynamic characteristics of IPMC flapping wings having the same size as the actual wings of three different dragonfly species Aeshna Multicolor, Anax Parthenope Julius and Sympetrum Frequens are analyzed using numerical simulations. An unsteady aerodynamic model is used to obtain the aerodynamic forces. A comparative study of the performances of three IPMC flapping wings is conducted. Among the three species, it is… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Fracture Analysis of Concrete Structural Components Accounting for Tension Softening Effect

    A. Rama Ch,ra Murthy1,2, G.S. Palani1, Nagesh R. Iyer1,3, M Srinivasa Pavan1, Smitha Gopinath1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 135-154, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.019.135
    Abstract This paper presents methodologies for fracture analysis of concrete structural components with and without considering tension softening effect. Stress intensity factor (SIF) is computed by using analytical approach and finite element analysis. In the analytical approach, SIF accounting for tension softening effect has been obtained as the difference of SIF obtained using linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) principles and SIF due to closing pressure. Superposition principle has been used by accounting for non-linearity in incremental form. SIF due to crack closing force applied on the effective crack face inside the process zone has been computed using Green's function approach. In… More >

  • ARTICLE

    RMVT- and PVD-Based Finite Layer Methods for the Quasi-3D Free Vibration Analysis of Multilayered Composite and FGM Plates

    Chih-Ping Wu1,2, Hao-Yuan Li2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 155-198, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.019.155
    Abstract The Reissner mixed variational theorem (RMVT)- and principle of virtual displacements (PVD)-based finite layer methods (FLMs) are developed for the quasi-three-dimensional (3D) free vibration analysis of simply-supported, multilayered composite and functionally graded material (FGM) plates. The material properties of the FGM layers are assumed to obey either an exponent-law exponentially varied with the thickness coordinate or the power-law distributions of the volume fractions of the constituents. In these formulations, the plate is divided into a number of finite layers, where the trigonometric functions and Lagrange polynomials are used to interpolate the in- and out-of-plane variations of the field variables of… More >

  • ARTICLE

    Effects of Loading Conditions on Deformation Process in Indentation

    M. Demiral, A. Roy, V. V. Silberschmidt1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 199-216, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.019.199
    Abstract Static indentation experiments are typically performed to characterize the mechanical properties of a material of interest by a rigid indenter of known geometry to various depths. In contrast, dynamic indentation of materials has not been fully studied. Evaluating material performance under dynamic loading conditions is a challenge and we demonstrate that various modelling schemes may be appropriate for different flavours of dynamic indentation. In order to compare underlying thermo-mechanics and deformation processes in a static and dynamic indentation process, indentation of a rigid indenter into a workpiece to a fixed chosen penetration is extensively studied. A nonlinear strain rate and… More >

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