Journals / CMC / Vol.,
Table of Content

Research Article

BEST PAPER 2021

Artificial Intelligence and IoT based intelligent systems using high performance computing for Medical applications.


Submission Deadline: 31 January 2021 (closed)

Abstract

This article has no abstract.

Keywords

Big healthcare and rehabilitation data analytics, Hyperspectral data analysis and intelligent systems, High performance Computing, AI algorithms, Health analytics
  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Design of an Information Security Service for Medical Artificial Intelligence

    Yanghoon Kim1, Jawon Kim2, Hangbae Chang3,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 679-694, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.015610
    Abstract The medical convergence industry has gradually adopted ICT devices, which has led to legacy security problems related to ICT devices. However, it has been difficult to solve these problems due to data resource issues. Such problems can cause a lack of reliability in medical artificial intelligence services that utilize medical information. Therefore, to provide reliable services focused on security internalization, it is necessary to establish a medical convergence environment-oriented security management system. This study proposes the use of system identification and countermeasures to secure system reliability when using medical convergence environment information in medical artificial intelligence. We checked the life… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Gastrointestinal Tract Infections Classification Using Deep Learning

    Muhammad Ramzan1, Mudassar Raza1, Muhammad Sharif1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Yunyoung Nam3,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.3, pp. 3239-3257, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015920
    Abstract Automatic gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease recognition is an important application of biomedical image processing. Conventionally, microscopic analysis of pathological tissue is used to detect abnormal areas of the GI tract. The procedure is subjective and results in significant inter-/intra-observer variations in disease detection. Moreover, a huge frame rate in video endoscopy is an overhead for the pathological findings of gastroenterologists to observe every frame with a detailed examination. Consequently, there is a huge demand for a reliable computer-aided diagnostic system (CADx) for diagnosing GI tract diseases. In this work, a CADx was proposed for the diagnosis and classification of GI… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Machine Learning-Based Two-Stage Data Selection Scheme for Long-Term Influenza Forecasting

    Jaeuk Moon, Seungwon Jung, Sungwoo Park, Eenjun Hwang* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 2945-2959, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017435
    Abstract One popular strategy to reduce the enormous number of illnesses and deaths from a seasonal influenza pandemic is to obtain the influenza vaccine on time. Usually, vaccine production preparation must be done at least six months in advance, and accurate long-term influenza forecasting is essential for this. Although diverse machine learning models have been proposed for influenza forecasting, they focus on short-term forecasting, and their performance is too dependent on input variables. For a country’s long-term influenza forecasting, typical surveillance data are known to be more effective than diverse external data on the Internet. We propose a two-stage data selection… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Enhanced Accuracy for Motor Imagery Detection Using Deep Learning for BCI

    Ayesha Sarwar1, Kashif Javed1, Muhammad Jawad Khan1, Saddaf Rubab1, Oh-Young Song2,*, Usman Tariq3 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 3825-3840, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016893
    Abstract Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) is a system that provides a link between the brain of humans and the hardware directly. The recorded brain data is converted directly to the machine that can be used to control external devices. There are four major components of the BCI system: acquiring signals, preprocessing of acquired signals, features extraction, and classification. In traditional machine learning algorithms, the accuracy is insignificant and not up to the mark for the classification of multi-class motor imagery data. The major reason for this is, features are selected manually, and we are not able to get those features that give… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    HealthyBlockchain for Global Patients

    Shada A. Alsalamah1,2,3,*, Hessah A. Alsalamah1,4, Thamer Nouh5, Sara A. Alsalamah6 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 2431-2449, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016618
    Abstract An emerging healthcare delivery model is enabling a new era of clinical care based on well-informed decision-making processes. Current healthcare information systems (HISs) fall short of adopting this model due to a conflict between information security needed to implement the new model and those already enforced locally to support traditional care models. Meanwhile, in recent times, the healthcare sector has shown a substantial interest in the potential of using blockchain technology for providing quality care to patients. No blockchain solution proposed so far has fully addressed emerging cross-organization information-sharing needs in healthcare. In this paper, we aim to study the… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Gastric Tract Disease Recognition Using Optimized Deep Learning Features

    Zainab Nayyar1, Muhammad Attique Khan1, Musaed Alhussein2, Muhammad Nazir1, Khursheed Aurangzeb2, Yunyoung Nam3,*, Seifedine Kadry4, Syed Irtaza Haider2 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 2041-2056, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015916
    Abstract Artificial intelligence aids for healthcare have received a great deal of attention. Approximately one million patients with gastrointestinal diseases have been diagnosed via wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE). Early diagnosis facilitates appropriate treatment and saves lives. Deep learning-based techniques have been used to identify gastrointestinal ulcers, bleeding sites, and polyps. However, small lesions may be misclassified. We developed a deep learning-based best-feature method to classify various stomach diseases evident in WCE images. Initially, we use hybrid contrast enhancement to distinguish diseased from normal regions. Then, a pretrained model is fine-tuned, and further training is done via transfer learning. Deep features are… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Classification of COVID-19 CT Scans via Extreme Learning Machine

    Muhammad Attique Khan1, Abdul Majid1, Tallha Akram2, Nazar Hussain1, Yunyoung Nam3,*, Seifedine Kadry4, Shui-Hua Wang5, Majed Alhaisoni6 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 1003-1019, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015541
    Abstract Here, we use multi-type feature fusion and selection to predict COVID-19 infections on chest computed tomography (CT) scans. The scheme operates in four steps. Initially, we prepared a database containing COVID-19 pneumonia and normal CT scans. These images were retrieved from the Radiopaedia COVID-19 website. The images were divided into training and test sets in a ratio of 70:30. Then, multiple features were extracted from the training data. We used canonical correlation analysis to fuse the features into single vectors; this enhanced the predictive capacity. We next implemented a genetic algorithm (GA) in which an Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) served… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    A New Enhanced Arabic Light Stemmer for IR in Medical Documents

    Ra’ed M. Al-Khatib1,*, Taha Zerrouki2, Mohammed M. Abu Shquier3, Amar Balla4, Asef Al-Khateeb5 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 1255-1269, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016155
    Abstract This paper introduces a new enhanced Arabic stemming algorithm for solving the information retrieval problem, especially in medical documents. Our proposed algorithm is a light stemming algorithm for extracting stems and roots from the input data. One of the main challenges facing the light stemming algorithm is cutting off the input word, to extract the initial segments. When initiating the light stemmer with strong initial segments, the final extracting stems and roots will be more accurate. Therefore, a new enhanced segmentation based on deploying the Direct Acyclic Graph (DAG) model is utilized. In addition to extracting the powerful initial segments,… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Modeling Liver Cancer and Leukemia Data Using Arcsine-Gaussian Distribution

    Farouq Mohammad A. Alam1, Sharifah Alrajhi1, Mazen Nassar1,2, Ahmed Z. Afify3,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.2, pp. 2185-2202, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015089
    Abstract The main objective of this paper is to discuss a general family of distributions generated from the symmetrical arcsine distribution. The considered family includes various asymmetrical and symmetrical probability distributions as special cases. A particular case of a symmetrical probability distribution from this family is the Arcsine–Gaussian distribution. Key statistical properties of this distribution including quantile, mean residual life, order statistics and moments are derived. The Arcsine–Gaussian parameters are estimated using two classical estimation methods called moments and maximum likelihood methods. A simulation study which provides asymptotic distribution of all considered point estimators, 90% and 95% asymptotic confidence intervals are… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Timing and Classification of Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis Patients Using Fast Large Margin Classifier

    Mai Ramadan Ibraheem1, Jilan Adel2, Alaa Eldin Balbaa3, Shaker El-Sappagh4, Tamer Abuhmed5,*, Mohammed Elmogy6 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.1, pp. 393-409, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014446
    Abstract Surface electromyogram (sEMG) processing and classification can assist neurophysiological standardization and evaluation and provide habitational detection. The timing of muscle activation is critical in determining various medical conditions when looking at sEMG signals. Understanding muscle activation timing allows identification of muscle locations and feature validation for precise modeling. This work aims to develop a predictive model to investigate and interpret Patellofemoral (PF) osteoarthritis based on features extracted from the sEMG signal using pattern classification. To this end, sEMG signals were acquired from five core muscles over about 200 reads from healthy adult patients while they were going upstairs. Onset, offset,… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    On Computing the Suitability of Non-Human Resources for Business Process Analysis

    Abid Sohail1,*, Khurram Shahzad2, P. D. D. Dominic3, Muhammad Arif Butt2, Muhammad Arif4, Muhammad Imran Tariq5 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.1, pp. 303-319, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014201
    Abstract Business process improvement is a systematic approach used by several organizations to continuously improve their quality of service. Integral to that is analyzing the current performance of each task of the process and assigning the most appropriate resources to each task. In continuation of our previous work, we categorize resources into human and non-human resources. For instance, in the healthcare domain, human resources include doctors, nurses, and other associated staff responsible for the execution of healthcare activities; whereas the non-human resources include surgical and other equipment needed for execution. In this study, we contend that the two types of resources… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Classification of Fundus Images Based on Deep Learning for Detecting Eye Diseases

    Nakhim Chea1, Yunyoung Nam2,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.1, pp. 411-426, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.013390
    Abstract Various techniques to diagnose eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy (DR), glaucoma (GLC), and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), are possible through deep learning algorithms. A few recent studies have examined a couple of major diseases and compared them with data from healthy subjects. However, multiple major eye diseases, such as DR, GLC, and AMD, could not be detected simultaneously by computer-aided systems to date. There were just high-performance-outcome researches on a pair of healthy and eye-diseased group, besides of four categories of fundus image classification. To have a better knowledge of multi-categorical classification of fundus photographs, we used optimal residual… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    An Efficient False-Positive Reduction System for Cerebral Microbleeds Detection

    Sitara Afzal1, Muazzam Maqsood1,*, Irfan Mehmood2, Muhammad Tabish Niaz3, Sanghyun Seo4 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.3, pp. 2301-2315, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.013966
    Abstract Cerebral Microbleeds (CMBs) are microhemorrhages caused by certain abnormalities of brain vessels. CMBs can be found in people with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Alzheimer’s disease, and in old individuals having a brain injury. Current research reveals that CMBs can be highly dangerous for individuals having dementia and stroke. The CMBs seriously impact individuals’ life which makes it crucial to recognize the CMBs in its initial phase to stop deterioration and to assist individuals to have a normal life. The existing work report good results but often ignores false-positive’s perspective for this research area. In this paper, an efficient approach is… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Evaluation of Pencil Lead Based Electrodes for Electrocardiogram Monitoring in Hot Spring

    Ratha Yeu1, Namhui Ra2, Seong-A Lee3, Yunyoung Nam4,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1411-1425, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013761
    Abstract Electrocardiogram (ECG) electrodes are conductive pads applied to the skin to measure cardiac activity. Ag/AgCl electrodes are the commercial product which widely used to obtain ECGs. When monitoring the ECG in a hot spring, Ag/AgCl electrodes must be waterproofed; however, this is time-consuming, and the adhesive may tear the skin on removal. For solving the problem, we developed the carbon pencil lead (CPL) electrodes for use in hot springs. Both CPL and Ag/AgCl electrodes were connected to ECG100C’s cables. The Performance was evaluated in three conditions as following: hot spring water with and without bubble, and in cold water. In… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Early Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy Using Machine Intelligence through Deep Transfer and Representational Learning

    Fouzia Nawaz1, Muhammad Ramzan1, Khalid Mehmood1, Hikmat Ullah Khan2, Saleem Hayat Khan3,4, Muhammad Raheel Bhutta5,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1631-1645, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012887
    Abstract Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a retinal disease that causes irreversible blindness. DR occurs due to the high blood sugar level of the patient, and it is clumsy to be detected at an early stage as no early symptoms appear at the initial level. To prevent blindness, early detection and regular treatment are needed. Automated detection based on machine intelligence may assist the ophthalmologist in examining the patients’ condition more accurately and efficiently. The purpose of this study is to produce an automated screening system for recognition and grading of diabetic retinopathy using machine learning through deep transfer and representational learning.… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    An IoT-Cloud Based Intelligent Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy Stage Classification Using Deep Learning Approach

    K. Shankar1,*, Eswaran Perumal1, Mohamed Elhoseny2, Phong Thanh Nguyen3 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1665-1680, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013251
    Abstract Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a disease with an increasing prevalence and the major reason for blindness among working-age population. The possibility of severe vision loss can be extensively reduced by timely diagnosis and treatment. An automated screening for DR has been identified as an effective method for early DR detection, which can decrease the workload associated to manual grading as well as save diagnosis costs and time. Several studies have been carried out to develop automated detection and classification models for DR. This paper presents a new IoT and cloud-based deep learning for healthcare diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR). The… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Forecast the Influenza Pandemic Using Machine Learning

    Muhammad Adnan Khan1,*, Wajhe Ul Husnain Abidi1,2, Mohammed A. Al Ghamdi3, Sultan H. Almotiri3, Shazia Saqib1, Tahir Alyas1, Khalid Masood Khan1, Nasir Mahmood4 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 331-340, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012148
    Abstract Forecasting future outbreaks can help in minimizing their spread. Influenza is a disease primarily found in animals but transferred to humans through pigs. In 1918, influenza became a pandemic and spread rapidly all over the world becoming the cause behind killing one-third of the human population and killing one-fourth of the pig population. Afterwards, that influenza became a pandemic several times on a local and global levels. In 2009, influenza ‘A’ subtype H1N1 again took many human lives. The disease spread like in a pandemic quickly. This paper proposes a forecasting modeling system for the influenza pandemic using a feed-forward… More >

    Graphic Abstract

  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Smart Healthcare Using Data-Driven Prediction of Immunization Defaulters in Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI)

    Sadaf Qazi1, Muhammad Usman1, Azhar Mahmood1, Aaqif Afzaal Abbasi2, Muhammad Attique3, Yunyoung Nam4,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 589-602, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012507
    Abstract Immunization is a noteworthy and proven tool for eliminating lifethreating infectious diseases, child mortality and morbidity. Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is a nation-wide program in Pakistan to implement immunization activities, however the coverage is quite low despite the accessibility of free vaccination. This study proposes a defaulter prediction model for accurate identification of defaulters. Our proposed framework classifies defaulters at five different stages: defaulter, partially high, partially medium, partially low, and unvaccinated to reinforce targeted interventions by accurately predicting children at high risk of defaulting from the immunization schedule. Different machine learning algorithms are applied on Pakistan Demographic and… More >

    Graphic Abstract

Share Link

WeChat scan