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Research Article

BEST PAPER 2021

Emerging Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Machine learning and Data Science


Submission Deadline: 25 October 2021 (closed)

Abstract

This article has no abstract.

Keywords

• Artificial Intelligence
• Machine learning
• Deep Learning
• Data Science
• Industry 4.0
  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    A Study on Classification and Detection of Small Moths Using CNN Model

    Sang-Hyun Lee* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 1987-1998, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.022554
    Abstract Currently, there are many limitations to classify images of small objects. In addition, there are limitations such as error detection due to external factors, and there is also a disadvantage that it is difficult to accurately distinguish between various objects. This paper uses a convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm to recognize and classify object images of very small moths and obtain precise data images. A convolution neural network algorithm is used for image data classification, and the classified image is transformed into image data to learn the topological structure of the image. To improve the accuracy of the image classification… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Convolutional Neural Network-Based Identity Recognition Using ECG at Different Water Temperatures During Bathing

    Jianbo Xu, Wenxi Chen* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 1807-1819, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021154
    Abstract This study proposes a convolutional neural network (CNN)-based identity recognition scheme using electrocardiogram (ECG) at different water temperatures (WTs) during bathing, aiming to explore the impact of ECG length on the recognition rate. ECG data was collected using non-contact electrodes at five different WTs during bathing. Ten young student subjects (seven men and three women) participated in data collection. Three ECG recordings were collected at each preset bathtub WT for each subject. Each recording is 18 min long, with a sampling rate of 200 Hz. In total, 150 ECG recordings and 150 WT recordings were collected. The R peaks were… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    Estimating Usable-Security Through Hesitant Fuzzy Linguistic Term Sets Based Technique

    Abdulaziz Attaallah1, Raees Ahmad Khan2,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 5683-5705, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021643
    Abstract The apparent contradiction between usability and security has been discussed in the literature for several years. This continuous trade-off requires be acknowledging and handling whenever security solutions are introduced. However, some progressive analysts point out that present security solutions are usually very difficult for several users, and they have expressed a willingness to simplify the security product user experience. Usable security is still mostly unexplored territory in computer science. Which we are all aware with security and usability on many levels, usable security has received little operational attention. Companies have recently focused primarily on usable security. As consumers prefer to… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Intelligent Multilevel Node Authentication in Mobile Computing Using Clone Node

    Neha Malhotra1,2,*, Manju Bala3 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 5269-5284, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020920
    Abstract Nodes in a mobile computing system are vulnerable to clone attacks due to their mobility. In such attacks, an adversary accesses a few network nodes, generates replication, then inserts this replication into the network, potentially resulting in numerous internal network attacks. Most existing techniques use a central base station, which introduces several difficulties into the system due to the network's reliance on a single point, while other ways generate more overhead while jeopardising network lifetime. In this research, an intelligent double hashing-based clone node identification scheme was used, which reduces communication and memory costs while performing the clone detection procedure.… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Emerging Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Machine learning and Data Science

    Dharmendra Dangi*, Amit Bhagat, Dheeraj Kumar Dixit CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 5399-5419, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020431
    Abstract There are various intense forces causing customers to use evaluated data when using social media platforms and microblogging sites. Today, customers throughout the world share their points of view on all kinds of topics through these sources. The massive volume of data created by these customers makes it impossible to analyze such data manually. Therefore, an efficient and intelligent method for evaluating social media data and their divergence needs to be developed. Today, various types of equipment and techniques are available for automatically estimating the classification of sentiments. Sentiment analysis involves determining people's emotions using facial expressions. Sentiment analysis can… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    Training Multi-Layer Perceptron with Enhanced Brain Storm Optimization Metaheuristics

    Nebojsa Bacanin1, Khaled Alhazmi2,*, Miodrag Zivkovic1, K. Venkatachalam3, Timea Bezdan1, Jamel Nebhen4 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 4199-4215, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020449
    Abstract In the domain of artificial neural networks, the learning process represents one of the most challenging tasks. Since the classification accuracy highly depends on the weights and biases, it is crucial to find its optimal or suboptimal values for the problem at hand. However, to a very large search space, it is very difficult to find the proper values of connection weights and biases. Employing traditional optimization algorithms for this issue leads to slow convergence and it is prone to get stuck in the local optima. Most commonly, back-propagation is used for multi-layer-perceptron training and it can lead to vanishing… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Dorsal-Ventral Visual Pathways and Object Characteristics: Beamformer Source Analysis of EEG

    Akanksha Tiwari1, Ram Bilas Pachori1,2, Premjit Khanganba Sanjram1,3,4,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 2347-2363, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020299
    Abstract In performing a gaming task, mental rotation (MR) is one of the important aspects of visuospatial processing. MR involves dorsal-ventral pathways of the brain. Visual objects/models used in computer-games play a crucial role in gaming experience of the users. The visuospatial characteristics of the objects used in the computer-game influence the engagement of dorsal-ventral visual pathways. The current study investigates how the objects’ visuospatial characteristics (i.e., angular disparity and dimensionality) in an MR-based computer-game influence the cortical activities in dorsal-ventral visual pathways. Both the factors have two levels, angular disparity: convex angle (CA) vs. reflex angle (RA) and dimensionality: 2D… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    Generating Synthetic Data to Reduce Prediction Error of Energy Consumption

    Debapriya Hazra, Wafa Shafqat, Yung-Cheol Byun* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 3151-3167, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020143
    Abstract Renewable and nonrenewable energy sources are widely incorporated for solar and wind energy that produces electricity without increasing carbon dioxide emissions. Energy industries worldwide are trying hard to predict future energy consumption that could eliminate over or under contracting energy resources and unnecessary financing. Machine learning techniques for predicting energy are the trending solution to overcome the challenges faced by energy companies. The basic need for machine learning algorithms to be trained for accurate prediction requires a considerable amount of data. Another critical factor is balancing the data for enhanced prediction. Data Augmentation is a technique used for increasing the… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    DLBT: Deep Learning-Based Transformer to Generate Pseudo-Code from Source Code

    Walaa Gad1,*, Anas Alokla1, Waleed Nazih2, Mustafa Aref1, Abdel-badeeh Salem1 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 3117-3132, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019884
    Abstract Understanding the content of the source code and its regular expression is very difficult when they are written in an unfamiliar language. Pseudo-code explains and describes the content of the code without using syntax or programming language technologies. However, writing Pseudo-code to each code instruction is laborious. Recently, neural machine translation is used to generate textual descriptions for the source code. In this paper, a novel deep learning-based transformer (DLBT) model is proposed for automatic Pseudo-code generation from the source code. The proposed model uses deep learning which is based on Neural Machine Translation (NMT) to work as a language… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    Deep Learning Approach for Analysis and Characterization of COVID-19

    Indrajeet Kumar1, Sultan S. Alshamrani2, Abhishek Kumar3, Jyoti Rawat4, Kamred Udham Singh1, Mamoon Rashid5,*, Ahmed Saeed AlGhamdi6 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 451-468, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019443
    Abstract Early diagnosis of a pandemic disease like COVID-19 can help deal with a dire situation and help radiologists and other experts manage human resources more effectively. In a recent pandemic, laboratories perform diagnostics manually, which requires a lot of time and expertise of the laboratorial technicians to yield accurate results. Moreover, the cost of kits is high, and well-equipped labs are needed to perform this test. Therefore, other means of diagnosis is highly desirable. Radiography is one of the existing methods that finds its use in the diagnosis of COVID-19. The radiography observes change in Computed Tomography (CT) chest images… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    A Hybrid Approach for Network Intrusion Detection

    Mavra Mehmood1, Talha Javed2, Jamel Nebhen3, Sidra Abbas2,*, Rabia Abid1, Giridhar Reddy Bojja4, Muhammad Rizwan1 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 91-107, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019127
    Abstract Due to the widespread use of the internet and smart devices, various attacks like intrusion, zero-day, Malware, and security breaches are a constant threat to any organization's network infrastructure. Thus, a Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) is required to detect attacks in network traffic. This paper proposes a new hybrid method for intrusion detection and attack categorization. The proposed approach comprises three steps to address high false and low false-negative rates for intrusion detection and attack categorization. In the first step, the dataset is preprocessed through the data transformation technique and min-max method. Secondly, the random forest recursive feature elimination… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    A New Fuzzy Adaptive Algorithm to Classify Imbalanced Data

    Harshita Patel1, Dharmendra Singh Rajput1,*, Ovidiu Petru Stan2, Liviu Cristian Miclea2 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 73-89, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.017114
    Abstract Classification of imbalanced data is a well explored issue in the data mining and machine learning community where one class representation is overwhelmed by other classes. The Imbalanced distribution of data is a natural occurrence in real world datasets, so needed to be dealt with carefully to get important insights. In case of imbalance in data sets, traditional classifiers have to sacrifice their performances, therefore lead to misclassifications. This paper suggests a weighted nearest neighbor approach in a fuzzy manner to deal with this issue. We have adapted the ‘existing algorithm modification solution’ to learn from imbalanced datasets that classify… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Empirical Assessment of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Vaccine to Combat COVID-19

    Nikita Jain1, Vedika Gupta1,*, Chinmay Chakraborty2, Agam Madan1, Deepali Virmani3, Lorenzo Salas-Morera4, Laura Garcia-Hernandez4 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 213-231, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.016424
    Abstract COVID-19 has become one of the critical health issues globally, which surfaced first in latter part of the year 2019. It is the topmost concern for many nations’ governments as the contagious virus started mushrooming over adjacent regions of infected areas. In 1980, a vaccine called Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) was introduced for preventing tuberculosis and lung cancer. Countries that have made the BCG vaccine mandatory have witnessed a lesser COVID-19 fatality rate than the countries that have not made it compulsory. This paper’s initial research shows that the countries with a long-term compulsory BCG vaccination system are less affected by… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    Transfer Learning Model to Indicate Heart Health Status Using Phonocardiogram

    Vinay Arora1, Karun Verma1, Rohan Singh Leekha2, Kyungroul Lee3, Chang Choi4,*, Takshi Gupta5, Kashish Bhatia6 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.3, pp. 4151-4168, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.019178
    Abstract The early diagnosis of pre-existing coronary disorders helps to control complications such as pulmonary hypertension, irregular cardiac functioning, and heart failure. Machine-based learning of heart sound is an {efficient} technology which can help minimize the workload of manual auscultation by automatically identifying irregular cardiac sounds. Phonocardiogram (PCG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) waveforms provide the much-needed information for the diagnosis of these diseases. In this work, the researchers have converted the heart sound signal into its corresponding repeating pattern-based spectrogram. PhysioNet 2016 and PASCAL 2011 have been taken as the benchmark datasets to perform experimentation. The existing models, viz. MobileNet, Xception, Visual… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    Robust and Efficient Reliability Estimation for Exponential Distribution

    Muhammad Aslam Mohd Safari1, Nurulkamal Masseran2,*, Muhammad Hilmi Abdul Majid2 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 2807-2824, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.018815
    Abstract In modeling reliability data, the exponential distribution is commonly used due to its simplicity. For estimating the parameter of the exponential distribution, classical estimators including maximum likelihood estimator represent the most commonly used method and are well known to be efficient. However, the maximum likelihood estimator is highly sensitive in the presence of contamination or outliers. In this study, a robust and efficient estimator of the exponential distribution parameter was proposed based on the probability integral transform statistic. To examine the robustness of this new estimator, asymptotic variance, breakdown point, and gross error sensitivity were derived. This new estimator offers… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    Towards Machine Learning Based Intrusion Detection in IoT Networks

    Nahida Islam1, Fahiba Farhin1, Ishrat Sultana1, M. Shamim Kaiser1, Md. Sazzadur Rahman1, Mufti Mahmud2, A. S. M. Sanwar Hosen3, Gi Hwan Cho3,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 1801-1821, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.018466
    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) integrates billions of self-organized and heterogeneous smart nodes that communicate with each other without human intervention. In recent years, IoT based systems have been used in improving the experience in many applications including healthcare, agriculture, supply chain, education, transportation and traffic monitoring, utility services etc. However, node heterogeneity raised security concern which is one of the most complicated issues on the IoT. Implementing security measures, including encryption, access control, and authentication for the IoT devices are ineffective in achieving security. In this paper, we identified various types of IoT threats and shallow (such as decision… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    An Approach Using Fuzzy Sets and Boosting Techniques to Predict Liver Disease

    Pushpendra Kumar1,2,*, Ramjeevan Singh Thakur3 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 3513-3529, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016957
    Abstract The aim of this research is to develop a mechanism to help medical practitioners predict and diagnose liver disease. Several systems have been proposed to help medical experts by diminishing error and increasing accuracy in diagnosing and predicting diseases. Among many existing methods, a few have considered the class imbalance issues of liver disorder datasets. As all the samples of liver disorder datasets are not useful, they do not contribute to learning about classifiers. A few samples might be redundant, which can increase the computational cost and affect the performance of the classifier. In this paper, a model has been… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    Performance Comparison of Deep CNN Models for Detecting Driver’s Distraction

    Kathiravan Srinivasan1, Lalit Garg2,*, Debajit Datta3, Abdulellah A. Alaboudi4, N. Z. Jhanjhi5, Rishav Agarwal3, Anmol George Thomas1 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 4109-4124, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016736
    Abstract According to various worldwide statistics, most car accidents occur solely due to human error. The person driving a car needs to be alert, especially when travelling through high traffic volumes that permit high-speed transit since a slight distraction can cause a fatal accident. Even though semi-automated checks, such as speed detecting cameras and speed barriers, are deployed, controlling human errors is an arduous task. The key causes of driver’s distraction include drunken driving, conversing with co-passengers, fatigue, and operating gadgets while driving. If these distractions are accurately predicted, the drivers can be alerted through an alarm system. Further, this research… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Early Tumor Diagnosis in Brain MR Images via Deep Convolutional Neural Network Model

    Tapan Kumar Das1, Pradeep Kumar Roy2, Mohy Uddin3, Kathiravan Srinivasan1, Chuan-Yu Chang4,*, Shabbir Syed-Abdul5 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 2413-2429, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016698
    Abstract Machine learning based image analysis for predicting and diagnosing certain diseases has been entirely trustworthy and even as efficient as a domain expert’s inspection. However, the style of non-transparency functioning by a trained machine learning system poses a more significant impediment for seamless knowledge trajectory, clinical mapping, and delusion tracing. In this proposed study, a deep learning based framework that employs deep convolution neural network (Deep-CNN), by utilizing both clinical presentations and conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigations, for diagnosing tumors is explored. This research aims to develop a model that can be used for abnormality detection over MRI data… More >

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    BEST PAPER 2021

    Multi Sensor-Based Implicit User Identification

    Muhammad Ahmad1,*, Rana Aamir Raza2, Manuel Mazzara3, Salvatore Distefano4, Ali Kashif Bashir5, Adil Khan3, Muhammad Shahzad Sarfraz1, Muhammad Umar Aftab1 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 1673-1692, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016232
    Abstract Smartphones have ubiquitously integrated into our home and work environments, however, users normally rely on explicit but inefficient identification processes in a controlled environment. Therefore, when a device is stolen, a thief can have access to the owner’s personal information and services against the stored passwords. As a result of this potential scenario, this work proposes an automatic legitimate user identification system based on gait biometrics extracted from user walking patterns captured by smartphone sensors. A set of preprocessing schemes are applied to calibrate noisy and invalid samples and augment the gait-induced time and frequency domain features, then further optimized… More >

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