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Research Article

BEST PAPER 2021

Deep Learning Trends in Intelligent Systems


Submission Deadline: 15 December 2020 (closed)

Abstract

This article has no abstract.

Keywords

Potential topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
• Activity recognition: object recognition and pose estimation for assistive robotics, and emotion recognition
• Intelligent autonomous systems
• Deep learning-based intelligent control
• Intelligent modeling, identification and optimization
• Applications in vision, audio, speech, natural language processing, robotics, neuroscience, or any other field
• Deep network compression/acceleration in pattern recognition applications
• Deep neural network in safety-critical or low-cost pattern recognition
• Developing new models for multimodal deep learning
• Signal processing for intelligent systems
• Artificial intelligence for intelligent systems
• Big Data for intelligent sensors systems
• Low-cost solutions for intelligent systems
• Hardware design and solutions for intelligent systems
• Intelligent systems in the biomedical context
• New trends and applications for intelligent systems
  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Multi-Criteria Fuzzy-Based Decision Making Algorithm to Optimize the VHO Performance in Hetnets

    A. Prithiviraj1,*, A. Maheswari2, D. Balamurugan1, Vinayakumar Ravi3, Moez Krichen4,5, Roobaea Alroobaea6, Saeed Rubaiee7, Sankar Sennan1 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 323-341, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.015299
    Abstract Despite the seemingly exponential growth of mobile and wireless communication, this same technology aims to offer uninterrupted access to different wireless systems like Radio Communication, Bluetooth, and Wi-Fi to achieve better network connection which in turn gives the best quality of service (QoS). Many analysts have established many handover decision systems (HDS) to enable assured continuous mobility between various radio access technologies. Unbroken mobility is one of the most significant problems considered in wireless communication networks. Each application needs a distinct QoS, so the network choice may shift appropriately. To achieve this objective and to choose the finest networks, it… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    GUI-Based DL-Network Designer for KISTI’s Supercomputer Users

    Jaegwang Lee, Jongsuk R. Lee, Sunil Ahn* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 1611-1629, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016803
    Abstract With the increase in research on AI (Artificial Intelligence), the importance of DL (Deep Learning) in various fields, such as materials, biotechnology, genomes, and new drugs, is increasing significantly, thereby increasing the number of deep-learning framework users. However, to design a deep neural network, a considerable understanding of the framework is required. To solve this problem, a GUI (Graphical User Interface)-based DNN (Deep Neural Network) design tool is being actively researched and developed. The GUI-based DNN design tool can design DNNs quickly and easily. However, the existing GUI-based DNN design tool has certain limitations such as poor usability, framework dependency,… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Spatial-Resolution Independent Object Detection Framework for Aerial Imagery

    Sidharth Samanta1, Mrutyunjaya Panda1, Somula Ramasubbareddy2, S. Sankar3, Daniel Burgos4,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 1937-1948, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014406
    Abstract Earth surveillance through aerial images allows more accurate identification and characterization of objects present on the surface from space and airborne platforms. The progression of deep learning and computer vision methods and the availability of heterogeneous multispectral remote sensing data make the field more fertile for research. With the evolution of optical sensors, aerial images are becoming more precise and larger, which leads to a new kind of problem for object detection algorithms. This paper proposes the “Sliding Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (SRCNN),” which is an extension of the Faster Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (RCNN) object detection framework to make… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    An Optimized Deep Residual Network with a Depth Concatenated Block for Handwritten Characters Classification

    Gibrael Abosamra*, Hadi Oqaibi CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 1-28, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015318
    Abstract Even though much advancements have been achieved with regards to the recognition of handwritten characters, researchers still face difficulties with the handwritten character recognition problem, especially with the advent of new datasets like the Extended Modified National Institute of Standards and Technology dataset (EMNIST). The EMNIST dataset represents a challenge for both machine-learning and deep-learning techniques due to inter-class similarity and intra-class variability. Inter-class similarity exists because of the similarity between the shapes of certain characters in the dataset. The presence of intra-class variability is mainly due to different shapes written by different writers for the same character. In this… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Arabic Named Entity Recognition: A BERT-BGRU Approach

    Norah Alsaaran*, Maha Alrabiah CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 471-485, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016054
    Abstract Named Entity Recognition (NER) is one of the fundamental tasks in Natural Language Processing (NLP), which aims to locate, extract, and classify named entities into a predefined category such as person, organization and location. Most of the earlier research for identifying named entities relied on using handcrafted features and very large knowledge resources, which is time consuming and not adequate for resource-scarce languages such as Arabic. Recently, deep learning achieved state-of-the-art performance on many NLP tasks including NER without requiring hand-crafted features. In addition, transfer learning has also proven its efficiency in several NLP tasks by exploiting pretrained language models… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Deep Learning Enabled Autoencoder Architecture for Collaborative Filtering Recommendation in IoT Environment

    Thavavel Vaiyapuri* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 487-503, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015998
    Abstract The era of the Internet of things (IoT) has marked a continued exploration of applications and services that can make people’s lives more convenient than ever before. However, the exploration of IoT services also means that people face unprecedented difficulties in spontaneously selecting the most appropriate services. Thus, there is a paramount need for a recommendation system that can help improve the experience of the users of IoT services to ensure the best quality of service. Most of the existing techniques—including collaborative filtering (CF), which is most widely adopted when building recommendation systems—suffer from rating sparsity and cold-start problems, preventing… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Deep Learning Multimodal for Unstructured and Semi-Structured Textual Documents Classification

    Nany Katamesh, Osama Abu-Elnasr*, Samir Elmougy CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 589-606, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015761
    Abstract Due to the availability of a huge number of electronic text documents from a variety of sources representing unstructured and semi-structured information, the document classification task becomes an interesting area for controlling data behavior. This paper presents a document classification multimodal for categorizing textual semi-structured and unstructured documents. The multimodal implements several individual deep learning models such as Deep Neural Networks (DNN), Recurrent Convolutional Neural Networks (RCNN) and Bidirectional-LSTM (Bi-LSTM). The Stacked Ensemble based meta-model technique is used to combine the results of the individual classifiers to produce better results, compared to those reached by any of the above mentioned… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Detecting Driver Distraction Using Deep-Learning Approach

    Khalid A. AlShalfan1, Mohammed Zakariah2,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 689-704, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015989
    Abstract Currently, distracted driving is among the most important causes of traffic accidents. Consequently, intelligent vehicle driving systems have become increasingly important. Recently, interest in driver-assistance systems that detect driver actions and help them drive safely has increased. In these studies, although some distinct data types, such as the physical conditions of the driver, audio and visual features, and vehicle information, are used, the primary data source is images of the driver that include the face, arms, and hands taken with a camera inside the car. In this study, an architecture based on a convolution neural network (CNN) is proposed to… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Residual U-Network for Breast Tumor Segmentation from Magnetic Resonance Images

    Ishu Anand1, Himani Negi1, Deepika Kumar1, Mamta Mittal2, Tai-hoon Kim3,*, Sudipta Roy4 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 3107-3127, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014229
    Abstract Breast cancer positions as the most well-known threat and the main source of malignant growth-related morbidity and mortality throughout the world. It is apical of all new cancer incidences analyzed among females. Two features substantially influence the classification accuracy of malignancy and benignity in automated cancer diagnostics. These are the precision of tumor segmentation and appropriateness of extracted attributes required for the diagnosis. In this research, the authors have proposed a ResU-Net (Residual U-Network) model for breast tumor segmentation. The proposed methodology renders augmented, and precise identification of tumor regions and produces accurate breast tumor segmentation in contrast-enhanced MR images.… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    1D-CNN: Speech Emotion Recognition System Using a Stacked Network with Dilated CNN Features

    Mustaqeem, Soonil Kwon* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 4039-4059, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015070
    Abstract Emotion recognition from speech data is an active and emerging area of research that plays an important role in numerous applications, such as robotics, virtual reality, behavior assessments, and emergency call centers. Recently, researchers have developed many techniques in this field in order to ensure an improvement in the accuracy by utilizing several deep learning approaches, but the recognition rate is still not convincing. Our main aim is to develop a new technique that increases the recognition rate with reasonable cost computations. In this paper, we suggested a new technique, which is a one-dimensional dilated convolutional neural network (1D-DCNN) for… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Image-Based Automatic Diagnostic System for Tomato Plants Using Deep Learning

    Shaheen Khatoon1,*, Md Maruf Hasan1, Amna Asif1, Majed Alshmari1, Yun-Kiam Yap2 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.1, pp. 595-612, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014580
    Abstract Tomato production is affected by various threats, including pests, pathogens, and nutritional deficiencies during its growth process. If control is not timely, these threats affect the plant-growth, fruit-yield, or even loss of the entire crop, which is a key danger to farmers’ livelihood and food security. Traditional plant disease diagnosis methods heavily rely on plant pathologists that incur high processing time and huge cost. Rapid and cost-effective methods are essential for timely detection and early intervention of basic food threats to ensure food security and reduce substantial economic loss. Recent developments in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and computer vision allow researchers… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    A New Multi-Agent Feature Wrapper Machine Learning Approach for Heart Disease Diagnosis

    Mohamed Elhoseny1, Mazin Abed Mohammed2,*, Salama A. Mostafa3, Karrar Hameed Abdulkareem4, Mashael S. Maashi5, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain6, Ammar Awad Mutlag7, Marwah Suliman Maashi8 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.1, pp. 51-71, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.012632
    Abstract Heart disease (HD) is a serious widespread life-threatening disease. The heart of patients with HD fails to pump sufficient amounts of blood to the entire body. Diagnosing the occurrence of HD early and efficiently may prevent the manifestation of the debilitating effects of this disease and aid in its effective treatment. Classical methods for diagnosing HD are sometimes unreliable and insufficient in analyzing the related symptoms. As an alternative, noninvasive medical procedures based on machine learning (ML) methods provide reliable HD diagnosis and efficient prediction of HD conditions. However, the existing models of automated ML-based HD diagnostic methods cannot satisfy… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Detection and Grading of Diabetic Retinopathy in Retinal Images Using Deep Intelligent Systems: A Comprehensive Review

    H. Asha Gnana Priya1, J. Anitha1, Daniela Elena Popescu2, Anju Asokan1, D. Jude Hemanth1, Le Hoang Son3,4,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.3, pp. 2771-2786, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.012907
    Abstract Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is an eye disease that mainly affects people with diabetes. People affected by DR start losing their vision from an early stage even though the symptoms are identified only at the later stage. Once the vision is lost, it cannot be regained but can be prevented from causing any further damage. Early diagnosis of DR is required for preventing vision loss, for which a trained ophthalmologist is required. The clinical practice is time-consuming and is not much successful in identifying DR at early stages. Hence, Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) system is a suitable alternative for screening and grading… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    A Novel Approach to Data Encryption Based on Matrix Computations

    Rosilah Hassan1, Selver Pepic2, Muzafer Saracevic3, Khaleel Ahmad4,*, Milan Tasic5 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1139-1153, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013104
    Abstract In this paper, we provide a new approach to data encryption using generalized inverses. Encryption is based on the implementation of weighted Moore–Penrose inverse AMN(nxm) over the nx8 constant matrix. The square Hermitian positive definite matrix N8x8 p is the key. The proposed solution represents a very strong key since the number of different variants of positive definite matrices of order 8 is huge. We have provided NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) quality assurance tests for a random generated Hermitian matrix (a total of 10 different tests and additional analysis with approximate entropy and random digression). In the… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Intelligent Prediction Approach for Diabetic Retinopathy Using Deep Learning Based Convolutional Neural Networks Algorithm by Means of Retina Photographs

    G. Arun Sampaul Thomas1, Y. Harold Robinson2, E. Golden Julie3, Vimal Shanmuganathan4, Seungmin Rho5, Yunyoung Nam6,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1613-1629, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013443
    Abstract Retinopathy is a human eye disease that causes changes in retinal blood vessels that leads to bleed, leak fluid and vision impairment. Symptoms of retinopathy are blurred vision, changes in color perception, red spots, and eye pain and it cannot be detected with a naked eye. In this paper, a new methodology based on Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) is developed and proposed to intelligent retinopathy prediction and give a decision about the presence of retinopathy with automatic diabetic retinopathy screening with accurate diagnoses. The CNN model is trained by different images of eyes that have retinopathy and those which do… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Swarm-LSTM: Condition Monitoring of Gearbox Fault Diagnosis Based on Hybrid LSTM Deep Neural Network Optimized by Swarm Intelligence Algorithms

    Gopi Krishna Durbhaka1, Barani Selvaraj1, Mamta Mittal2, Tanzila Saba3,*, Amjad Rehman3, Lalit Mohan Goyal4 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 2041-2059, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013131
    Abstract Nowadays, renewable energy has been emerging as the major source of energy and is driven by its aggressive expansion and falling costs. Most of the renewable energy sources involve turbines and their operation and maintenance are vital and a difficult task. Condition monitoring and fault diagnosis have seen remarkable and revolutionary up-gradation in approaches, practices and technology during the last decade. Turbines mostly do use a rotating type of machinery and analysis of those signals has been challenging to localize the defect. This paper proposes a new hybrid model wherein multiple swarm intelligence models have been evaluated to optimize the… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    3D Reconstruction for Motion Blurred Images Using Deep Learning-Based Intelligent Systems

    Jing Zhang1,2, Keping Yu3,*, Zheng Wen4, Xin Qi3, Anup Kumar Paul5 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 2087-2104, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.014220
    Abstract The 3D reconstruction using deep learning-based intelligent systems can provide great help for measuring an individual’s height and shape quickly and accurately through 2D motion-blurred images. Generally, during the acquisition of images in real-time, motion blur, caused by camera shaking or human motion, appears. Deep learning-based intelligent control applied in vision can help us solve the problem. To this end, we propose a 3D reconstruction method for motion-blurred images using deep learning. First, we develop a BF-WGAN algorithm that combines the bilateral filtering (BF) denoising theory with a Wasserstein generative adversarial network (WGAN) to remove motion blur. The bilateral filter… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Deep Feature Extraction and Feature Fusion for Bi-Temporal Satellite Image Classification

    Anju Asokan1, J. Anitha1, Bogdan Patrut2, Dana Danciulescu3, D. Jude Hemanth1,* CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 373-388, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012364
    Abstract Multispectral images contain a large amount of spatial and spectral data which are effective in identifying change areas. Deep feature extraction is important for multispectral image classification and is evolving as an interesting research area in change detection. However, many deep learning framework based approaches do not consider both spatial and textural details into account. In order to handle this issue, a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) based multi-feature extraction and fusion is introduced which considers both spatial and textural features. This method uses CNN to extract the spatio-spectral features from individual channels and fuse them with the textural features. Then… More >

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  • Research Article

    BEST PAPER 2021

    Automatic and Robust Segmentation of Multiple Sclerosis Lesions with Convolutional Neural Networks

    H. M. Rehan Afzal1,2,*, Suhuai Luo1, Saadallah Ramadan1,2, Jeannette Lechner-Scott1,2,3, Mohammad Ruhul Amin3, Jiaming Li4, M. Kamran Afzal5 CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 977-991, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012448
    Abstract The diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is based on accurate detection of lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which also provides ongoing essential information about the progression and status of the disease. Manual detection of lesions is very time consuming and lacks accuracy. Most of the lesions are difficult to detect manually, especially within the grey matter. This paper proposes a novel and fully automated convolution neural network (CNN) approach to segment lesions. The proposed system consists of two 2D patchwise CNNs which can segment lesions more accurately and robustly. The first CNN network is implemented to segment lesions accurately,… More >

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